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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 43, Number 2
JKCSEZ 43(2)
April 20, 1999 

 
Title
Physical and Chemical Properties of Soluble Sodium Silicate

수용성 규산나트륨의 물리·화학적 특성
Author
Youn-Shick Ha, Kyeong-IL Park, Moo-Lyong Seo

하윤식, 박경일, 서무룡
Keywords
Abstract
수용성 규산나트륨 빌더를 개발하기 위하여 물유리와 수산화나륨을 적정비율로 혼합한 후 메탄올에 분산시켜 SiO2/NaO의 몰 비율이 2.4∼2.8인 무정형 규산나트륨 고체분말을 제조하였다. 이때 규산나트륨의 SiO2/Na2O의 몰비, 용해도, thermogram, SEM, BET 등을 통하여 그 물리적 특성을 조사하였으며 빌더로서의 기본적인 특성을 규명하기 위해 SiO2/Na2O의 몰비가 1.0, 2.4, 2.8인 규산나트륨 빌더와 제올라이트를 사용하여 pH 유지능력, 온도에 따른 칼슘이온 결합능, 계면활성제 흡착능 등을 조사하였다. 그 결과 수용성 규산나트륨 화합물이 세제용빌더로서 가져야할 특성인 pH 유지능력 및 용해도에 있어서 제올라이트 보다 우수한 성능을 나타냈으나 칼슘이온 결합능 및 계면활성제 흡착능은 낮게 나타났으며, 규산나트륨의 SiO2/Na2O의 비율이 증가할수록 pH 유지능력과 이온교환능력은 감소하지만 계면활성제 흡착능력은 다소 증가함을 알 수 있었다.

To develop the manufacturing technique for the powder builder of amorphous solid types, the water glass mixed with caustic soda dispersed into the methanol. Thus soluble sodium silicate was made a form of amorphous solid powder. In order to examine characteristics of water soluble sodium silicate SiO2/Na2O mol ratio, we investigated solubility, thermogram, SEM, and BET analysis. pH buffering capacity, calcium-ion binding capacity as temperature change, and surfactant loading capacity were examined for characteristics as laundry detergent builder. SiO2/Na2O molar ratio of soluble sodium silicate was 1.0, 2.4, 2.8, and zeolite was used in order to investigate basic characteristics of laundry detergent builder. Silicate used with laundry detergent was good for pH buffering capacity and solubility. But calcium-ion binding capacity and surfactant adsorption ability were lower. SiO2/Na2O mol ratio became higher, pH buffering capacity and ion exchange ability were lower and surfactant adsorption ability was a little higher.

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