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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 42, Number 2
JKCSEZ 42(2)
April 20, 1998 

 
Title
The Photoreactivity of Halobenzyl Phenyl Ether

2-할로벤질 페닐 에텔의 광반응성
Author
Park Yong-Tae*, Kim Young-Hee, Shin Hyun-Il

박용태,김영희,신현일
Keywords
Abstract
할로겐화 아렌이 다른 아렌에 etheral alkyl그룹에 의해 연결된 2-halobenzyl phenyl ether( 1과 2)를 합성하여 제조적인 광반응에서 생성물을 확인하고 또 속도론적 광반응에서 그 반응성을 시험하였다. 질소 기류 하에서 2-chlorobenzyl phenyl ether(1)은 페놀과 photo-Fries형 생성물이 나왔으며 Br치환 ether2는 페놀과 photo-Fries형 생성물 이외에 광고리화 및 광환원 생성물이 나왔다. 이것은 Cl이 benzyl고리에 강하게 붙어 있기 때문에 상대적으로 약한 CH2-O결합의 파열이 생긴 결과이다. 또 Br유도체 2는 phenyl-bromine 사이의 결합이 phenyl-chlorine사이의 결합보다 약하니까 결국 그 결합의 광유발 파열이 CH2-O결합 파열과 경쟁적으로 되었음이 분명하다. 산소 존재하에서 페놀의 생성은 큰 변화가 없고, photo-Fries형 생성물은 약간 감소하고 , 그리고 광고리화 생성물과 광환원 생성물은 큰 영향을 받는 것으로 보아 광고리화와 환원반응은 삼중상태가 상관하고 photo-fries형 반응은단일상태와 삼중상태가 동시에 상관하는 것이다.

The photochemical reactivities of 2-halobenzyl phenyl ether, in which 2-halobenzyl moiety are tethered to phenyl moiety by the etheral alkyl linkage, has been studied. In the presence of nitrogen, the photochemical reaction of 2-chlorobenzyl phenyl ether (1) produces mainly phenol and photo-Fries type reaction products, while the corresponding bromo analog 2 produces photocyclization and photoreduced products, along with phenol and photo-Fries type products. The former result implies that since chlorine is bound to the benzyl ring firmly, the rather weaker CH2-O bond of 1 is cleavaged to produce the photo-Fries type product. The latter implies that the photoinduced fission of phenyl-bromine bond of 2 can compete with the fission of CH2-O bond, since the bond energy of phenyl-bromine is lower than that of phenyl-chlorine. Since by the presence of oxygen the formation of phenol is not affected much, the formation of photo-Fries type products is changed a little, and the formations of photocyclization and photoreduced products are affected effectively, a singlet state is involved in the formation of phenol, and both singlet and triplet state may be involved in the formation of photo-Fries type reaction, while a triplet state is involved in the formation of photocyclization and photoreduction products.

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