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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 41, Number 12
JKCSEZ 41(12)
December 20, 1997 

 
Title
A Study on the Synthesis of Ammonium dinitramide

ADN(Ammonium Dinitramide)의 합성
Author
Kyoo-hyun Chung*, Hyun-ho Sim

정규현,심현호
Keywords
Abstract
Ammonium dinitramide(ADN)은 최근에 개발된 고체 산화제로 ammonium perchlorate(AP)나 ammonium nitrate(AN) 등을 대체할 수 있다. Bis(2-cyanoethyl)amine에 니트로화반응을 시킨 후 염기 처리하여cyanoethyl기를 제거하고 NO2BF4를 사용하여 두번째 니트로 기를 도입하면 ADN 합성에 중요한 중간체인 3-N,N-dinitraminopropanitrile을 얻을 수 있으며 알려진 방법에 따라 ADN을 합성할 수 있다. 그리고 3-N-nitro-bis(2-cyanoethyl)amine은 N-nitroso 화합물의 산화반응으로 얻을 수도 있다.

Recently ADN was disclosed to replace AP or AN as a solid oxidizer. 3-N,N-Dinitraminopropanitrile, a key intermediate in the preparation of ADN, was synthesized from bis(2-cyanoethyl)amine by the sequence: nitration of bis(2-cyanoethyl)amine followed by decyanoethylation by base and the second nitration with NO2BF4. 3-N-Nitro-bis(2-cyanoethyl)amine could also be obtained by the oxidation of the corresponding N-nitroso compound.

Page
661 - 665
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