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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 39, Number 4
JKCSEZ 39(4)
August 20, 1995 

Micro-Determination of D-Amino Acids in Milk by using Column Switching System
Sun Haing Lee*, Kyoung Hee Kim, Young Cheol Lee, Sang Tae Kim
시중에 시판되고 있는 우유를 전처리하여 이 우유에 포함된 유리 아미노산을 dansyl-chloride로 유도체화시켜 C-18 컬럼을 이용한 역상 LC법으로 분리한 다음 표준물 첨가법으로 정량했다. 미량의 D-아미노산의 분리에서는 LC의 Column-Switching System을 이용하였으며 비키랄 컬럼을 통과한 단실 D/L-아미노산에 Cu(N-benzyl-L-proline)2를 이동상에 첨가한 키랄 분리를 수행하여 L-아미노산에서 D-아미노산을 분리 정량했다. 이 방법은 우유시료 중에 존재하는 16가지 아미노산의 정량이 가능하며 이중에 12가지의 D-아미노산이 column switching 방법을 통한 키랄 분리로 정량이 가능하다. 우유 100mL에 총 유리 아미노산이 41.00 mg 포함되어 있음을 확인했으며, D-아미노산은 D-glutamic acid가 2.05%, D-alanine 2.93%만이 포함되어 있음을 확인했다.

Free amino acids were isolated from milk and their absolute amounts were determined by reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography after derivatization with dansyl chloride. The determination of D- and L-amino acids was based on achiral separation on a C18 column. It was found that milk contained totally 41.00 mg DL-amino acids in 100 mL milk. The level of D-amino acids to L-amino acids was determined by a column-switching system combining an achiral reversed phase separation and chiral chelate additive. The chiral separation was carried out with addition of the chiral Cu(N-benzyl-L-proline)2 chelate to the mobile phase in reversed phase liquid chromatography. It was found that the determination of 16 different amino acids is feasible in the milk sample with a C18 column separation and 12 D-amino acids out of the 16 amino acids can be determined via the column-switching system with chiral separation. 2.05% of D-glutamic acid and 2.93% of D-alanine were found in milk.

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