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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 37, Number 3
JKCSEZ 37(3)
June 20, 1993 

A Study on Charge-Transfer Complexes of Naphthalene and Derivatives of Naphthalene with Chloranil

나프탈렌 및 그 유도체들과 클로라닐의 전하이동 착물에 관한 연구
Jung-Dae Moon, Chun-Hag Jang

문정대, 장춘학
나프탈렌, α- 또는 β-메틸 나프탈렌 그리고 1,2- 1,3- 또는 2,6-디메틸나프탈렌과 클로라닐의 전하이동 착물의 흡수 극대 파장은 염화에틸렌, 염화메틸렌, 클로로포름 용매에서 그리고 10, 15, 20, 25℃ 온도에서 자외선 분광광도법으로 측정하였다. 이 전하이동착물은 1:1 분자비로 결합하였으며 흡수극대 파장은 용매의 극성과 온도에 따라 변하였고, 형성상수(Kf)는 용매의 극성 그리고 온도가 증가함에 감소하였다. 이와같이 온도 및 용매가 형성상수에 미치는 효과를 열역학적 고찰로써 논의하였으며, 또한 전자주개들의 전자 및 입체 효과가 형성상수에 미치는 영향도 논의하였다.

The maximum absorption wavelengths of charge-transfer complexes of naphthalene, α-and β-methyl naphthalene and 1,2-, 2,3-and 2,6-dimethyl naphthalene with chloranil have been measured with a UV spectrophotometer in ethylene chloride, methylene chloride, and chloroform at 10, 15, 20, and 25℃. This absorption band was interpreted as the charge transfer band of a 1 : 1 molecular complex, and the maximum absorption wavelength was changed as a function of solvent and temperature. Their formation constants (Kf) were decreased with the polarity of solvent and the increase of temperature. Thus, the influences of solvent and temperature on the formation constant have been discussed as consideration of thermodynamic properties, and the electronic and steric effects of electron donors on formation constant have been also discussed.

335 - 343
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