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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 37, Number 1
JKCSEZ 37(1)
February 20, 1993 

A New Synthetic Studies on Anticancer Agent Methotrexate

Anticancer Agent인 Methotrexate에 대한 새로운 합성 연구
Euy Kyung Yu, Seoung Ryuall Ryu

유의경, 유성렬
새로운 methotrexate 중간체인 diethyl N-[4-{[(2,4-diamino-6-yl)methyl]-amino}benzoyl]-L-glutamate(10)를 합성하기 위하여 p-nitrobenzoic acid를 chlorination한 다음 L-glutamic acid와 coupling하고 이를 esterification한 후, 환원과 methylation시켜 diethyl N-(4-methylaminobenzoyl)-L-glutamate(7)를 합성하였다. 이 화합물(7)을 DMF 존재하에서 NaH와 allyl chloride를 가하여 allylation한 다음 여기에 IN3 addition 반응으로 diethyl-p-[N-(2-azido-3-iodopropyl)-N-methyl]aminobenzoyl-L-glutamate(9)를 합성하였다. 이 화합물(9)을 2,4,5,6-tetraaminopyrimidine hydrochloride와 cyclization시켜 methotrexate diethylester를 얻었다.

New synthetic method for diethyl N-[4-{[(2,4-diamino-6-yl)methyl]-amino}benzoyl]-L-glutamate(10) which is an intermediate of methotrexate is described. p-Nitrobenzoyl-L-glutamate was obtained via a two-step sequence which involves condensation of p-nitrobenzoyl chloride with diethyl-L-glutamate and Fischer esterification reaction with ethanol. Reductive methylation of diethyl-p-nitrobenzoyl-L-glutamate were carried out by reaction with formic acid and paraformaldehyde in the presence of PtO2 catalyst and yielded diethyl N-(4-methylaminobenzoyl)-L-glutamate(7). It was followed by allylation and iodoazidozation to give the diethyl-p-[N-(2-azido-3-iodopropyl)-N-methyl]aminobenzoyl-L-glutamate(9). The cyclization reaction of compound(9) with 2,4,5,6-tetraaminopyrimidine was carried out by intermolecular nucleophilic substitution to give the desired methotrexate diethylester.

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