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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 29, Number 4
JKCSEZ 29(4)
August 20, 1985 

A Study on the Adsorption and Recovery of Metal Ions by Amberlite XAD Resins Impregnated with Oxime Compounds

Oxime 화합물을 침윤시킨 Amberlite XAD 수지에 의한 금속이온의 흡착 및 회수에 관한 연구
Dai Woon Lee, Chul Hun Eum, Young Hee Kim, Euy Kyung Yu

이대운, 음철헌, 김영희, 유의경
금속킬레이트제로써 잘 알려진 몇가지 oxime 화합물들의 Amberlite XAD 수지들에 대한 흡착성을 분포계수값을 측정함으로써 상호 비교해 본 결과 킬레이트제로서는 분포계수값이 비교적 큰 salicylaldoxime (SAO)과 α-benzoinoxime(α-BzO) 그리고 수지로서는 XAD-4 수지가 적합함을 알았다. SAO과 α-BzO를 XAD-4 수지에 각각 침윤시킨 SAO-XAD-4 및 α-BzO-XAD-4 침윤수지의 그 특성을 조사하였다. SAO와 α-BzO의 XAD-4 수지에 대한 최적 흡착조건은 30% 메탄올, pH 1∼8(SAO) 및 pH 1∼9 (α-BzO)였다. SAO 및 α-BzO의 XAD-4 수지에 대한 흡착은 온도가 증가함에 따라 감소하였으며, 그 흡착메카니즘은 흡착엔탈피(-ΔH)를 구해본 결과 4.99 ~ 6.66 (Kcal/mol)인 것으로 보아 쌍극자-쌍극자 인력에 상응하는 분자 흡착임을 알 수 있었다. 한편 금속이온을 흡착시키는 매질용액과 흡착된 금속이온을 회수하는 염산수용액에서 침윤수지의 안정성을 조사한 결과, 전자는 pH 5∼10에서, 후자는 0.1∼5M 염산수용액에서 비교적 큰 안정성을 보였다. 두 침윤수지에 의한 Mn(Ⅱ), Co(Ⅱ), Ni(Ⅱ), Zn(Ⅱ)등의 금속이온의 흡착몰비는 대략 1;2(금속이온:킬레이트제)이었으며 흡착된 금속이온은 3M-HCl 수용액 또는 3M-HCl/50%-MeOH 용리액으로 정량적으로 회수가 가능하였다.

The adsorption behaviors of some oxime compounds well known as metal chelating agents on the Amberlite XAD resins were compared by measuring their distribution coefficients (log Kd) in various media, respectively. Among the oxime compounds, salicylaldoxime (SAO) and α-benzoinoxime(α-BzO) which showed large log Kd values were chosen. The characteristics of XAD-4 resins impregnated with SAO and α-BzO have been studied to apply them for the adsorption and recovery of minute quantities of metal ions in aqueous solution. The optimum conditions for adsorption of SAO and α-BzO on the resin were 30% methanol media having pH range of 1∼8(for SAO) and 1∼9 (for α-BzO), respectively. The distribution coefficients of two oxime compounds were decreased as temperature increased. From the adsorption enthalpy data of SAO and α-BzO, ranging from 4.96 to 6.66 Kcal/mol, it is suggested that their adsorption mechanism on XAD-4 resin is likely due to molecular adsorption equivalent to dipole-dipole interaction. The impregnated resins were considerably stable in the aqueous solutions of pH 5.0∼10.0 and in 0.1∼5M hydrochloric acid solutions. The former is the medium for adsorption of metal ions, while the latter is for recovery of the adsorbed metal ions. The adsorption mole ratio of Mn(Ⅱ), Co(Ⅱ), Ni(Ⅱ), Zn(Ⅱ) ions on SAO-XAD-4 and α-BzO-XAD-4 resins were about 1 : 2 at the optimum conditions, respectively. The adsorbed metal ions were recovered completely by eluting with 3M HCl-50% methanol solution.

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