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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 25, Number 4
JKCSEZ 25(4)
August 20, 1981 

Studies on the Synthesis of Nonionic Surfactants (Ⅲ). Kinetics of the Synthesis of Sucrose Esters

비이온성 계면활성제의 합성에 관한 연구 (제3보). 슈크로오스에스테르의 합성에 관한 동력학적 고찰
Kidae Nam, Joohwan Sohn

남기대, 손주환
N,N-디메틸포름아미드용매내 반응온도 50∼90℃범위에서 과량의 슈크로오스와 라우르산, 미리스트산, 팔미트산, 스테아르산 그리고 올레산등 5종의 지방산 메틸에스테르와의 에스테르 교환반응에서 반응속도를 측정하여 반응속도정수, 활성화파라미터등을 구하여 고찰하였다. 이 반응은 본 실험범위내에서 유사 1차반응으로 진행하고 반응의 순서는 주로 메틸에스테르의 지방산기의 구조변화에 의존하면 라우르산메틸, 미리스트산메틸, 팔미트산메틸 올레산메틸 그리고 스테아르산 메틸의 순으로 반응되기 힘들어지는 엔탈피조절반응이라 생각된다. 한편 이들 각각의 활성화에너지는 9.3, 9.9, 10.3, 10.9 그리고 11.1 kcal/mole이 얻어졌다.

The reaction rates for the transesterification reaction were measured on the excess sucrose with the five fatty acid methyl ester systems such as methyl laurate, methyl myristate, methyl palmitate, methyl stearate and methyl oleate at temperature range of 50℃ to 90℃ in N,N-dimethylformamide solvent and potassium carbonate as a catalyst. Their activation parameters as well as rate constants were calculated from these measurements. And these reactions were found to be pseudo-first order and depended mainly on the structural changes in fatty acid residue of methyl esters. Also their reactions were found to be of enthalpy-controlled, which were disfavored in the order of methyl laurate, methyl myristate, methyl palmitate, methyl oleate and methyl stearate. Correspondingly their activation energies were 9.3, 9.9, 10.3, 10.9 and 11.1 kcal/mole, respectively.

283 - 290
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