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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 23, Number 5
JKCSEZ 23(5)
October 20, 1979 

 
Title
The Studies of the Water-Vapour Transmission Rate and It's Proofness on the Various Commercial Polymer Films

상업용 고분자 필름의 투습속도 및 방습도에 관한 연구
Author
Hwan Kyu Suh, Jung Keun Lee

서환규, 이정근
Keywords
Abstract
국내에서 상업용으로 이용하는 여러종류의 고분자 필름들에 대한 투습도를 일정한 압력과 상대습도 하에서 측정하고 투습도의 역수를 구하여 각 필름의 방습도로 정의하였다. 실험온도 40±1℃, 상대습도 90±2% 하에서 시료를 24시간 방치한 후 컵방법으로 필름의 방습도를 측정한 결과 다음과 같은 순서로 감소함을 밝혔다. 연신 polypropylene (O. PP) > 고밀도 polyethylene (HDPE, Inflation) > 고밀도 polyethylene (HDPE, T-die) > 무연신 polypeopylene (C. PP) > 무연신 polyester (N. PET) > 저밀도 polyethylene (LDPE) > 연신 polyester (O.PET) > 경질 polyvinyl chloride (Rigid PVC) > 반경질 polyvinyl chloride (Semirigid PVC) > 연질 Polyvinyl chloride (Nonrigid PVC) > 연신 nylon(O.Nylon) > 무연신 nylon (N.Nylon) 또한 온도증가에 따라서 측정한 결과 방습도는 HDPE, (T-die) > C. PP > O. PET > LDPE > O. Nylon으로 감소하였고, LDPE, HDPE (T-die), C. PP, O. PET, O. Nylon 필름들의 투습활성화 에너지는 12.0, 11.1, 11.4, 11.7, 14.1 kcal/mole임을 밝혔다. 필름의 투습도는 극성증가에 따라서 증가하고 PVC 필름은 가소제 첨가에 따라서 증가하며, 필름 두께와 연신 증가에 따라서는 감소하였다. O. PP/LDPE, N.Nylon/LDPE, C.PP/LDPE이 집합필름은 단일필름보다 두께에 대한 의존성이 증가하였다.

The water-vapour transmission ratios (WVTR) of the various commercial polymer films have been investigated at the constant pressure and relative humidity (RH). Water proofnesses, the reciprocals of WVTR for the various samples, were determined using a cup device and maintaining the sample films at a constant temperature (40±1℃) and a constant R. H (90±2%) for 24 hours. The following order of the relative proofness was observed; oriented polypropyrene (O.PP) > high density polyethylene (HDPE, Inflation) > high density polyethylene (HDPE. T-die) > casted polypropylene (C. PP) > nonoriented polyester (N. PET) > low density polyethylene (LDPE) > oriented polyester (O. PET) > rigid polyvinyl chloride (Rigid PVC) > semirigid polyvinyl chloride (Semirigid PVC) > nonrigid polyvinyl chloride (Nonrigid PVC) > oriented nylon (O. Nylon) > nonoriented nylon (N. Nylon). And water proofness order was also observed to decrease with the temperature rising; HDPE (T-die) > C. PP > O. PET > LDPE > O. Nylon. The activation energies of LDPE, HDPE (T-die), C. PP, O. PET and O.Nylon films were 12.0, 11.1, 11.4, 11.7, 14.1 kcal/mole, respectively. The WVTR's of the films were increased with the polarity of polymer and the addition of plasticizer in PVC, decreased with the increase of the film thickness and mechanical orientation. The WVTR's of the laminated films O. PP/LDPE, N.Nylon/LDPE, C.PP/LDPE were also more dependent on the film thickness than the WVTR's of the single films.

Page
329 - 337
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