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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 56, Number 2
JKCSEZ 56(2)
April 20, 2012 

A Facile Greener Assisted Protocol for the Synthesis of Some New 4-aryl-(5-chloro-3-Methyl-1-phenyl-1H-Pyrazol-4-yl)-4,5-dihydroisoxazol-3-yl) Derivatives and their in vitro Antimicrobial Activity
Baseer M Shaikh, Shankaraiah G Konda, Omprakash S Yemul, Bhaskar S Dawane
PEG-400, Chalcones, Hydroxyl amine hydrochloride, Isoxazolines, Antimicrobial activity
An efficient access, single step and environmentally benign synthesis of a new series of pyrazole containing isoxazolines derivatives were prepared by the condensation of chalcones bearing pyrazole moiety with hydroxyl amine hydrochloride in basic condition by using polyethylene glycol-400 (PEG) as a greener reaction solvent. The advantages of the present methodology are mild reaction condition and avoidance of volatile organic solvent. Furthermore, these newly synthesized compounds were screened for their antimicrobial activity against various pathogens like Escherichia coli (MTCC 2939), Salmonella typhi (MTCC 98), Staphylococcus aureus (MTCC 96), Bacillus subtilis (MTCC 441), Aspergillus niger (MTCC 281), Aspergillus flavus (MTCC 2501), Penicillium chrsogenum (MTCC 160) and Fusarium moniliformae (MTCC 156). Especially compound containing the hydroxyl group in C2-position and presence of halo (I, Br and Cl) groups as substituents at C3 and C5 position on the benzene nucleus showed the higher activity. Furthermore, compounds bearing methyl groups in combination with I and Br which enhanced the activity.
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