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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 55, Number 4
JKCSEZ 55(4)
August 20, 2011 

Production and Biodegradability of Biodiesel from Balanites Aegyptiaca Seed Oil

Balanites Aegyptiaca 씨기름으로부터 바이오디젤의 생산과 생분해성 연구
Aliyu Jauro*, Momoh Haruna Adams

Aliyu Jauro*, Momoh Haruna Adams
Balanites aegyptiaca, 바이오 디젤유, 생분해성, 환경영향 평가 , Balanites aegyptiaca, Biodegradation, Environment, Inoculums, Desert Date
Balanites Aegyptiaca 씨기름으로부터 바이오 디젤유를 생산하고 기름 품질 및 생분해성을 조사하였다. 비중, 밀도와 인화점은 각기 0.897, 0.89 g/cm3 and 163 oC이었다. 이 바이오 디젤유는 D2 디젤유(27.02%, 27.33%)에 비해 월등하게 82.58%, 86.98% 생분해 되었다.

Seed oil of Balanites aegyptica was transesterified to produce biodiesel and its quality and biodegradability assessed. The specific gravity (SG), density and flash point of the methyl esters were found to be 0.897, 0.89 g/cm3 and 163 oC respectively. Biodegradability of the biodiesel assessed by the standard CO2 evolution method using two different inoculums revealed that the Balanites aegyptica biodiesel was readily biodegradable in both inoculums (82.58% and 86.98%), compared with the D2 diesel which was partially biodegradable (27.02% and 27.33%). These suggest that Balanites aegyptiaca seed oil is a potential source of environmentally friendly biodiesel.

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