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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 50, Number 6
JKCSEZ 50(6)
December 20, 2006 

 
Title
Application Effects of Out-of-class Chemical Experience Learning Programs on Scientific Process Skills and Science-Related Attitude for Middle School Students

교실 밖 화학체험학습 프로그램이 과학 탐구 능력과 과학 관련 태도에 미치는 영향
Author
Mi-Ae Cho, Seong-Bae Moon*

조미애, 문성배*
Keywords
교실 밖 화학체험학습 프로그램, 자연친화적 화학실험 , Out-of-class Chemical Experience Learning (CEL) Programs, Nature-friendly Chemical Experiment
Abstract
본 연구는 교실 밖 화학체험학습 프로그램의 적용이 중학생들의 과학 탐구 능력과 과학 관련 태도에 미치는 영향을 알아보는 것이다. 교실 밖 화학체험학습 프로그램은 ‘재미있는 교실 밖 화학’, ‘신나는 과학수업’을 위해 개발된 것으로 자연환경에 부합되는 화학체험 제재를 선정하여 자연에서 실험 소재를 구하고 일상생활 속에서 경험할 수 있는 자연친화적 화학실험으로 구성되었다. 교실 밖 화학체험학습 프로그램은 전일제 계발활동을 통하여 교실과 실험실을 벗어난 자연환경에서 적용하였다. D중학교 3학년 과학반 학생들을 대상으로 실험 집단과 비교 집단으로 나누어 실험 집단은 교실 밖 화학체험학습 프로그램에 참가시키고 비교 집단은 전통적 수업방식을 따랐다. 두 집단 사이의 과학 탐구 능력과 과학 관련 태도의 변화를 비교·분석하고 교실 밖 화학체험학습 프로그램에 대한 학생들의 반응을 알아보았다. 그 결과, 교실 밖 자연친화적 화학실험은 중학생들의 과학 탐구 능력과 과학 관련 태도를 향상시켰다. 또한 학생들의 70% 이상이 교실 밖 화학체험학습 프로그램에 긍정적인 반응을 보였으며 과학에 대한 관심과 흥미, 자발적 참여도가 높아졌다.

The purpose of this work was to study the applied effects of out-of-class Chemical Experience Learning (CEL) Programs on scientific process skills and science-related attitude for middle school students. The out-ofclass CEL Programs which were developed to make ‘the funny out-of-class chemistry’ and ‘the exciting science class', included the nature-friendly chemical experiments suitable for natural environment and composed of real lifecentered experiences. The out-of-class CEL programs were applied to natural environment through all-day improvement activity. The science club students in D middle school in Busan were selected as the objects of the study consisting of one experiment group and one control group. The out-of-class CEL programs were applied to the experiment group and traditional class method was applied to the control group. The change of scientific process skills and science-related attitudes between two groups were compared and analyzed. And students reaction on the out-ofclass CEL programs was investigated. As a result, out-of-class nature-friendly chemical experiments were improved scientific process skills and science-related attitudes of middle school students. Also, more than 70% of students in the experimental group gave positive feedbacks to the out-of-class CEL programs and increased attention, interest, and degree of self-participation in science.

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