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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 50, Number 6
JKCSEZ 50(6)
December 20, 2006 

 
Title
Characteristics of Verbal Interactions According to the Leader Style in MBL Experiment Class in Which Discussion was Emphasized

토론을 강조한 MBL실험수업에서 리더 유형에 따른 언어적 상호작용 특성
Author
Yangsam Ku*, Kumhong Park, Ae-Kyung Shin, Byung-Soon Choi, Kukhaeng Lee

구양삼*, 박금홍, 신애경, 최병순, 이국행
Keywords
언어적 상호작용, MBL실험수업, 리더유형 , Verbal Interaction, MBL(Microcomputer-Based Laboratory) Experiment Class, Leader Style
Abstract
이 연구에서는 중학교 1학년을 대상으로 리더유형에 따라 포용적, 설득적, 배타적, 리더부재 모둠으로 편성한 후 MBL실험수업에서 나타난 학생들의 언어적 상호작용을 분석하였다. 상호작용 전체 빈도는 포용적 리더가 있는 모둠이 가장 높았고 설득적, 배타적, 리더 부재 모둠 순으로 나타났다. 인지적 측면의 질문, 응답, 의견제시, 의견받기와 관련된 상호작용 빈도는 포용적 리더가 있는 모둠에서 가장 높았으나, 정의적 측면의 행동참여와 분위기조절에 관련된 상호작용빈도는 배타적 리더가 있는 모둠에서 가장 높았다. 리더 유형에 따라 모둠내 언어적 상호작용은 매우 다른 양상을 보였는데, 그 특성을 분석한 결과, 포용적 리더가 있는 모둠은 토론활동의 분위기가 매우 허용적 이었으며, 모둠 구성원들이 활발하게 토론활동에 참여하였고, 모둠에 대한 소속감과 자부심을 나타내기도 하였다. 설득적 리더가 있는 모둠은 실험 및 토론활동을 리더학생이 주도하였고, 동료학생들은 리더에게 도전하는 일은 거의 일어나지 않았으며 오히려 의지하는 경향을 보였다. 배타적 리더가 있는 모둠의 경우는 리더와 동료들의 관계가 원만하지 않아 불만, 무시 등이 여과 없이 표현되었고, 리더 학생이 성취도가 낮은 동료들을 배려하지 못함으로서 활발한 토론활동을 하는데 장애요인이 되었다. 리더 부재 모둠의 경우, 토론활동의 내용이 마치 단답형 대화처럼 짧고, 단순하였다. 또한 동료들끼리의 질문에 대해서도 불명확한 대답이 많았고, 가끔씩 대화가 중단되기도 하였다.

This study was performed for 7th grade students to analyze by leader style, the verbal interactions between students in a small group in an MBL(Microcomputer-Based Laboratory) experiment class. The study was performed after arranging the students into four kinds of groups, including groups with leaders of inclusive, persuasive, and alienating styles and a group with no clear leader. The analysis of total frequencies of verbal interaction revealed that the group with an inclusive leader showed the highest frequency of verbal interaction, followed by the group with a persuasive leader, an alienating leader and lastly, the group with no clear leader. The group with an inclusive leader showed the highest frequency of interaction from a cognitive aspect related to question(Q), response(R), making suggestion(MS), and receiving opinions(RO), while interactions from an affective aspect related to behavioral participation(BP) and students’ attitudes(SA) were observed more often in a group including an alienating leader than in any other group. An analysis of characteristics of verbal interaction according to leader style showed that a group with an inclusive leader had a permissive atmosphere. It also showed that all members of the group actively participated in discussion and they had a sense of belonging and self-pride with their group. In a group with a persuasive leader, the leader took the lead of most experimental and discussion activities and he was rarely challenged by other students in the group. Rather, other group members showed a tendency to depend on their leader. In a group with an alienating leader, the relationship between leader and members of the group was not harmonious and unfiltered expressions of dissatisfaction and ignorance often took place. The leader’s lack of concern about members’ low achievement became an obstacle in active discussion. In a group with no clear leader, most interactions during discussion were short and simple. Many answers to the question given by their members were not clear and the interactions were sometimes interrupted for a short while.

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