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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 18, Number 11
BKCSDE 18(11)
November 20, 1997 

Amperometric Biosensor for Urea
Kwang Soo Ha, Moo Lyong Seo*
An enzyme electrode for the amperometric measurement of urea was prepared by co-immobilizing L-glutamate dehydrogenase and urease onto an Immobilon-AV affinity membrane attached to a glassy carbon electrode. The reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide(NADH) was used as the electroactive species. The electrochemical oxidation of NADH was monitored at +1.0 volt vs. Ag/AgCl. The enzyme-immobilized electrode was linear over the range of 2.0 × 10-5 to 2 × 10-4 M. The response time of the electrode was approximately 3 min. and the optimum pH of the enzyme immobilized membrane was pH 7.4-7.6 (Dulbcco's buffer solution). It was stable for at least two weeks or 50 assays. There was no interference from other physiological species, except from high levels of ascorbic acid.
1149 - 1152
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