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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 16, Number 10
BKCSDE 16(10)
October 20, 1995 

Structural and Magnetic Properties of the Brownmillerite Ca2AlxFe2-xO5 System
Gwe Ya Kim, Kwon Sun Roh, Chul Hyun Yo
A series of solid solutions in the Ca2AlxFe2-xO5 (x=0.00, 0.50, 0.66, 1.00 and 1.34) system with brownmillerite structure has been synthesized at 1100 ℃ under an atmospheric air pressure. The solid solutions are analysed by powder x-ray diffraction analysis, Mohr salt titration, thermal analysis, and Mossbauer spectroscopic analysis. The x-ray diffraction analysis assigns the compositions of x=0.00 and 0.50 to the space group Pcmn and those of x=0.66, 1.00, and 1.34 to the Ibm2. Mo&ssbauer spectra have shown the coordination state and disordering of Al3+ and Fe3+ ions. The substituting preference of Al3+ ions for the tetrahedral site decreases with increasing x value. Magnetic susceptibility of the system has been measured in the temperature range of 5 K to 900 K. The solid solutions of the compositions of x=0.00, 0.50 and 0.66 have shown a thermal hysteresis and the thermoremanent magnetization gap decreases with increasing x value in the above systems. However the compositions of x=1.00 and 1.34 do not show the hysteresis. The exchange integral is calculated from Fe3+ ion occupancy ratio. The integral decreases with x value and thus the magnetic transition temperature decreases with the increasing x value.
934 - 938
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