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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 16, Number 6
BKCSDE 16(6)
June 20, 1995 

Hydrogenation of Arenes with Metallic Iridium and Rhodium Powders Prepared from Iridium(Ⅰ) and Rhodium(Ⅰ)-COD Complexes under Mild Conditions
Chong Shik Chin,* Byeongno Lee, Jijoong Moon, Joongho Song, Yongsun Park
Metallic iridium and rhodium powders prepared from the reactions of [M(COD)(PhCN)2]ClO4 (M=Ir(1), Rh(2); COD=1,5-cyclooctadiene) with hydrogen at room temperature in methylene chloride show catalytic activities for hydrogenation of arenes at room temperature under atmospheric pressure of hydrogen. Most substituents (CH3, COOH, NO2, CH2OH, CHO, OPh, OCH3, C=C, halogens and CH2Cl) on aromatic ring suppress the rate of the hydrogenation of the aromatic ring while the aromatic ring hydrogenation of phenol and 1,4-dihydroxobenzene is faster than that of benzene over these metallic powders. Hydrogenation of benzoic acid occurs only at the aromatic ring leaving the COOH group intact over iridium metal powders while benzoic acid is not hydrogenated at all over rhodium metal powders. Carbonyl, nitro, acetylenic and olefinic groups on an aromatic ring are hydrogenated prior to the aromatic ring hydrogenation. Hydrogenolysis of OH groups of phenol, benzyl alcohol and 1,4-dihydroxobenzene, and hydrodehalogenation of halobenzenes, benzyl halides and cinnamyl chloride also occur along with the hydrogenation of aromatic ring.
528 - 533
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