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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 16, Number 2
BKCSDE 16(2)
February 20, 1995 

Semiempirical MO Study on Malonyl-CoA. 1. Malonic Acid and Malonyl Methyl Sulfide
In Kee Yoo, Young Ju Kim, Shi Choon Kim, Yu Sam Kim, Young Kee Kang*
The conformational study on malonic acid, hydrogen malonate, malonate, malonyl methyl sulfide, and malonyl methyl sulfide anion, as the model compounds of malonyl-CoA, was carried out using the semiempirical MO methods (MNDO, AM1, and PM3) and hydration shell model. On the whole, the feasible conformations of malonic acid, hydrogen malonate, and malonate seem to be similar to each other. In malonic acid and malonate, two carboxyl groups are nearly perpendicular to the plane of the carbon skeleton, despite of different orientation of two carboxyl groups themselves. In particular, two carboxyl groups of hydrogen malonate are on the plane formed by carbon atoms with an intramolecular hydrogen bond. The calculated results on the geometry and conformation of three compounds are reasonably consistent with those of X-ray and spectroscopic experiments as well as the previous calculations. The orientation of two carbonyl groups of malonyl methyl sulfide is quite similar to that of malonic acid, but different from that of its anion. Especially, the computed probable conformations of the sulfide anion by the three methods are different from each other. The role of hydration seems not to be crucial in stabilizing the overall conformations of malonic acid, hydrogen malonate, malonate, and malonyl methyl sulfide. However, the probable conformations of the unhydrated sulfide anion obtained by the MNDO and AM1 methods become less stabilized by including hydration. The AM1 method seems to be appropriate for conformational study of malonyl-CoA and its model compounds because it does not result in the formation of too strong hydrogen bonds and significant change in conformational energy from one compound to another.
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