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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 15, Number 9
BKCSDE 15(9)
September 20, 1994 

Purification of Cellulase from Trichoderma viride and properties of Its Component Enzymes
Dong Won Kim, Tae Seung Kim
Major cellulase components, such as three endoglucanases (endoglucanases Ⅰ, Ⅱ, and Ⅲ) and one exoglucanase (exoglucanase Ⅱ), were isolated from a commercial cellulase (Meicelase TP 60) derived from the fungus Trichoderma viride by a series of chromatography procedures. These procedures were the gel filtration on Bio-Gel, the anion exchange on DEAE-Bio-Gel A, the cation exchange on SP-Sephadex C50, and the affinity chromatography on Avicel cellulose. The average molecular weights determined by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoretic analysis were 51,000, 59,000, 41,000 and 62,000 Da for endoglucanases Ⅰ, Ⅱ and Ⅲ and exoglucanase Ⅱ, respectively. The extinction coefficients, ε1% 280 nm, of these enzymes were 11.7, 3.3, 7.2 and 11.3, respectively. Among them, the endoglucanase Ⅱ showed the very low value of the coefficient compared with the others. On the other hand, it was found that endoglucanase Ⅱ and Ⅲ were of more random hydrolytic mode on carboxymethylcellulose as compared with those of endoglucanase Ⅰ and exoglucanase Ⅱ. Especially, endoglucanase Ⅰ showed less random action than that of exoglucanase Ⅱ. In the hydrolysis of insoluble cellulose by the enzyme components, cellobiose was the major product, but glucose was the major product by endoglucanase Ⅲ.
719 - 724
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