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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 12, Number 1
BKCSDE 12(1)
January 20, 1991 

The Effect of the Changing of C-O-C to C-S-C and C=O to C=S on Reactivity of 4-Nitrophenyl Benzoate with Alkali Metal Ethoxides in Ethanol
Dong-Sook Kwon, Hee-Sun Park, Ik-Hwan Um*
Rate constants have been measured spectrophotometrically for the reactions of alkali metal ethoxides with 4-nitrophenyl benzoate, S-4-nitrophenyl thiobenzoate and 4-nitrophenyl thionbenzoate in ethanol at 25℃. Substitution of S for O in the leaving group has not affected reactivity significantly, while the effect of the similar replacement in the acyl group has led to rate decrease by a factor of 10, although pronounced rate enhancements have been expected for both systems. The replacement of O by a polarizable S has also influenced the reactivity of the esters toward alkali metal ethoxides, i.e. the reactivity decreases as the size of the metal ion decreases. The alkali metal ions have showed inhibition effect instead of catalytic effect which would have been expected for the present system. The effect of replaced sulfur atom on the reactivity for the present system is attributed to the nature of hard and soft acids and bases.
93 - 97
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