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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 6, Number 4
April 20, 1985 

The Study on the Physicochemical Properties of Fluid under High Pressure (Ⅱ). The Effect of Pressure and Temperature on the Hexamethyl Benzene-Iodine Charge Transfer Complex in n-Hexane
Oh Cheun Kwun, Jeong Rim Kim
The effect of pressure and temperature on the stabilities of the charge transfer complexes of hexamethyl benzene with iodine in n-hexane has been investigated by UV-spectrophotometric measurements. In this experiment the absorption spectra of mixed solutions of hexamethyl benzene and iodine in n-hexane were measured at 25, 40 and 60℃ under 1,200, 600, 1200 and 1600 bar. The equilibrium constant of the complex formation was increased with pressure while being decreased with temperature raising. Changes of volume, enthalpy, free energy and entropy for the formation of the complexes were obtained from the equilibrium constants. The red shift at higher pressure, the blue shift at higher temperature and the relation between pressure and oscillator strength were discussed by means of thermodynamic functions. In comparison with the results in the previous studies, it can be seen that the pressure dependence of oscillator strength has a extremum behavior in durene as the variation of ΔH or ΔS with the number of methyl groups of polymethyl benzene near atmospheric pressure in the previous study. The shift or deformation of the potential in the ground state and in the excited state of the complexes formed between polymethyl benzene and iodine was considered from the correlation between the differences of the electron transfer energies and the differences of free energies of the complex formation for the pressure variation.
186 - 191
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