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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 35, Number 12
BKCSDE 35(12)
December 20, 2014 

RGB Light Emissions from ZnSe Based Nanocrystals: ZnSe, ZnSe:Cu, and ZnSe:Mn
Byungkwan Song, Jeongho Heo, Cheong-Soo Hwang*
ZnSe, ZnSe:Cu, ZnSe:Mn nanocrystals, RGB emissions, Oleic acid capping
RGB light emitting ZnSe based nanocrystals: ZnSe (blue), ZnSe:Cu (green) and ZnSe:Mn (red) were synthesized by capping the surface of the nanocrystals with oleic acid. The obtained nanocrystal powders were characterized by using XRD, HR-TEM, ICP-AES, FT-IR, and FT-Raman spectroscopies. The optical properties were also measured by UV/Vis and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopies. The PL spectra showed broad emission peaks at 471 nm (ZnSe), 530 nm (ZnSe:Cu) and 665 nm (ZnSe:Mn), with relative PL efficiencies in the range of 0.7% to 5.1% compared to a reference organic dye standard. The measured average particle sizes from the HR-TEM images for those three nanocrystals were 4.5 nm on average, which were also supported well by the Debye-Scherrer calculations. The elemental compositions of the ZnSe based nanocrystals were determined by ICP-AES analyses. Finally, the drawn CIE diagram showed the color coordinates of (0.15, 0.16) for ZnSe, (0.22, 0.57) for ZnSe:Cu, and (0.62, 0.35) for ZnSe:Mn respectively, which were fairly well matched to that of the RGB color standards.
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