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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 35, Number 2
BKCSDE 35(2)
February 20, 2014 

Identification of Inhibitors Against BAK Pore Formation using an Improved in vitro Assay System
Seong-Soo Song, Won-Kyu Lee, Sreevidya Aluvila, Kyoung Joon Oh, Yeon Gyu Yu*
BAK, BAX, Trifluoperazine, Apoptosis, High throughput
The pro-apoptotic BCL-2 family protein BID activates BAK and/or BAX, which form oligomeric pores in the mitochondrial outer membrane. This results in the release of cytochrome c into the cytoplasm, initiating the apoptotic cascade. Here, we utilized liposomes encapsulating sulfo-rhodamine at a controlled temperature to improve upon a previously reported assay system with enhanced sensitivity and specificity for measuring membrane permeabilization by BID-dependent BAK activation. BAK activation was inhibited by BCL-XL protein but not by a mutant protein with impaired anti-apoptotic activity. With the assay system, we screened a chemical library and identified several compounds including trifluoperazine, a mitochondrial apoptosisinduced channel blocker. It inhibited BAK activation by direct binding to BAK and blocking the oligomerization of BAK.
419 - 424
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