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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 34, Number 10
BKCSDE 34(10)
October 20, 2013 

Optimization of Reaction Conditions for High Yield Synthesis of Carbon Nanotube Bundles by Low-Temperature Solvothermal Process and Study of their H2 Storage Capacity
G. Krishnamurthy*, Sarika Agarwal
Solvothermal process, MWCNTs’ bundles, Electron microscopy, BET study, H2 storage
Synthesis of Carbon Nanotube bundles has been achieved by simple and economical solvothermal procedure at very low temperature of 180 °C. The product yield obtained was about 70-75%. The optimization of reaction conditions for an efficient synthesis of CNTs has been presented. The CNTs are obtained by reduction of hexachlorobenzene in the presence of Na/Ni in cyclohexane. The X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared and Raman spectral studies have inferred us the graphene structure of the products. The CNTs formed as the bundles were viewed on scanning electron microscope, transmission electron microscope and high-resolution transmission electron microscope. These are the multiwalled CNTs with outer diameter of 5-10 nm, the inner diameter 2-4 nm and cross sectional diameter up to 5 nm. Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) based N2 gas adsorption studies have been made to obtain BET surface area and H2 storage capacity. Effect of the experimental variables such as reaction temperature, amount of catalyst and the amount of carbon source were investigated. It is found that they affect significantly on the product nature and yield.
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