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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 34, Number 4
BKCSDE 34(4)
April 20, 2013 

High-yield Expression and Characterization of Syndecan-4 Extracellular, Transmembrane and Cytoplasmic Domains
Sung-Sub Choi, Ji-Sun Kim, Jooyoung Song, Yongae Kim*
Syndecan, Syndecan-4, Transmembrane, NMR spectroscopy, Membrane protein
The syndecan family consists of four transmembrane heparan sulfate proteoglycans present in most cell types and each syndecan shares a common structure containing a heparan sulfate modified extracellular domain, a single transmembrane domain and a C-terminal cytoplasmic domain. To get a better understanding of the mechanism and function of syndecan-4 which is one of the syndecan family, it is crucial to investigate its threedimensional structure. Unfortunately, it is difficult to prepare the peptide because it is membrane-bound protein that transverses the lipid bilayer of the cell membrane. Here, we optimize the expression, purification, and characterization of transmembrane, cytoplasmic and short extracellular domains of syndecan4 (syndecan-4 eTC). Syndecan-4 eTC was successfully obtained with high purity and yield from the M9 medium. The structural information of syndecan-4 eTC was investigated by MALDI-TOF mass (MS) spectrometry, circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy, and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. It was confirmed that syndecan-4 eTC had an α-helical multimeric structure like transmembrane domain of syndecan-4 (syndecan- 4 TM) in membrane environments.
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