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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 34, Number 1
BKCSDE 34(1)
January 20, 2013 

Highly Efficient Red Emissive Heteroleptic Cyclometalated Iridium(III) Complexes Bearing Two Substituted 2-Phenylquinoxaline and One 2-Pyrazinecarboxylic Acid
Nallathambi Sengottuvelan, Seong-Jae Yun, Dae-Young Kim, In-Hye Hwang, Sung Kwon Kang, Young-Inn Kim*
Iridium(III) complexes, Photoluminescence, Highly efficient red phosphorescence, Color tuning
A series of highly efficient red phosphorescent heteroleptic iridium(III) complexes 1-6 containing two cyclometalating 2-(2,4-substitued phenyl)quinoxaline ligands and one chromophoric ancillary ligand were synthesized: (pqx)2Ir(mprz) (1), (dmpqx)2Ir(mprz) (2), (dfpqx)2Ir(mprz) (3), (pqx)2Ir(prz) (4), (dmpqx)2Ir(prz) (5), (dfpqx)2Ir(prz) (6), where pqx = 2-phenylquinoxaline, dfpqx = 2-(2,4-diflourophenyl)quinoxaline, dmpqx = 2-(2,4-dimethoxyphenyl)quinoxaline, prz = 2-pyrazinecarboxylate and mprz = 5-methyl-2-pyrazinecarboxylate. The absorption, emission, electrochemical and thermal properties of the complexes were evaluated for potential applications to organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). The structure of complex 2 was also determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. Complex 2 exhibited distorted octahedral geometry around the iridium metal ion, for which 2-(2,4-dimethoxyphenyl)quinoxaline N atoms and C atoms of orthometalated phenyl groups are located at the mutual trans and cis-positions, respectively. The emission spectra of the complexes are governed largely by the nature of the cyclometalating ligand, and the phosphorescent peak wavelengths can be tuned from 588 to 630 nm with high quantum efficiencies of 0.64 to 0.86. Cyclic voltammetry revealed irreversible metal-centered oxidation with potentials in the range of 1.16 to 1.89 V as well as two quasi-reversible reduction waves with potentials ranging from −0.94 to −1.54 V due to the sequential addition of two electrons to the more electron-accepting heterocyclic portion of two distinctive cyclometalated C^N ligands.
167 - 173
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