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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 32, Number 1
BKCSDE 32(1)
January 20, 2011 

 
Title
Analysis of the Wettability of Partially Fluorinated Polymers Reveals the Surprisingly Strong Acid-Base Character of Poly(vinylidene Fluoride)
Author
Sangwha Lee*, Joon Seo Park, T. Randall Lee*
Keywords
Poly(vinylidene fluoride), Wettability, Surface dipoles, Acid-base interactions, Dipole-dipole interactions
Abstract
The wettabilities of the partially fluorinated polymers (ethylene-tetrafluoroethylene copolymer (ETFE), ethylenechlorotrifluoroethylene copolymer (ECTFE), and poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF)) were investigated by contact angle measurements. Zisman plots for ETFE and ECTFE exhibited linear relationships, while the Zisman plot for PVDF showed a slight curvature, which was interpreted to indicate strong non-dispersive interactions between the surface and the contacting liquids. The Lifshitz-van der Waals forces of the fluoropolymers were estimated to increase in the order of ETFE < PVDF << ECTFE. An evaluation of the polar or "acid-base" interaction energies showed that PVDF, which possesses the most acidic hydrogens among the examined fluoropolymers, has the strongest acid-base interactions.
Page
41 - 48
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