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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 30, Number 3
BKCSDE 30(3)
March 20, 2009 

A Cell-based Method to Monitor the Interaction between Hepatitis B Virus Capsid and Surface Proteins
Yun Kyoung Kim, Soo Jin Oh, Bong Suk Jin, Chanhoo Park, Hyesung Jeon, Doo Wan Boo, Yeon Gyu Yu*
HBV, PreS, Capsid, Interaction
Interactions between the surface and capsid proteins of the hepatitis B virus (HBV) are critical for the assembly of virus particles. In this study, we developed a cell-based method to visualize the interactions between the capsid and surface proteins of HBV. Capsid-GFP, a capsid protein fused to a green fluorescence protein (GFP), forms nucleocapsid-like structures in the cytoplasm of mammalian cells. It relocates to the plasma membranes in cells expressing PH-PreS, a fusion protein consisting of the PreS region of the HBV surface protein and the PH domain of PLC-γ. Membrane localization of the capsid-GFP in these cells is prevented by an inhibitory peptide that blocks the interaction between the capsid and surface proteins. This dynamic localization of capsid-GFP is applicable for screening compounds that may potentially inhibit or prevent the assembly process of HBV particles.
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