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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 26, Number 5
BKCSDE 26(5)
May 20, 2005 

Synthesis of a New α-Dioxime Derivative and Its Application for Selective Homogeneous Liquid-Liquid Extraction of Cu(II) into a Microdroplet Followed by Direct GFAAS Determination
A. R. Ghiasvand*, S. Shadabi, A. Kakanejadifard, A. Khajehkoolaki
Copper, Homogeneous liquid-liquid extraction, Dioxime
A fast and reliable method for the selective separation and preconcentration of Cu2+ ions using homogeneous liquid-liquid extraction was developed. A new α-dioxime derivative (2H-1,4-benzothioazine-2,3(4H)dionedioxime, Dioxime I) was synthesized and investigated as a suitable selective complexing ligand for Cu2+ ions. Zonyl FSA (FSA) was applied as a phase-separator agent under the slightly acidic pH conditions. Under the optimal experimental conditions ([FSA] = 3.2% w/v, [THF] = 19.5% v/v, [Dioxime I] = 1.9 × 10?3 M, and pH = 4.7), 10 μg of Cu2+ in 5.2 mL aqueous phase could be extracted quantitatively into 80 μL of the sedimented phase. The maximum concentration factor was 65-fold. The limit of detection of the proposed method was 0.005 ng mL?1. The reproducibility of the proposed method, on the 10 replicate measurements, was 1.3%. The influence of the pH, type and volume of the water-miscible organic solvent, concentration of FSA, concentration of the complexing ligand and the effect of different diverse ions on the extraction and determination of Cu2+ ions were investigated. The proposed method was applied to the extraction and determination of Cu2+ ion in different synthetic and natural water samples.
781 - 785
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