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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 24, Number 12
BKCSDE 24(12)
December 20, 2003 

Highly Selective and Simple Zero and First Order Derivative Spectrophotometric Determination of Palladium by Using α-Benzilmonoxime in Triton X-100 Micellar Solution
Habibollah Eskandari*, Gholamhassan Imanzadeh Karkaragh
Palladium, α-Benzilmonoxime, Triton X-100, Derivative spectrophotometry
The reaction of α-Benzilmonoxime with palladium(II) produces a green complex in triton X-100 micellar media. Palladium has been determined using zero and first derivative spectrophotometric methods. The absorbances of Pd(II)- α-benzilmonoxime complex at 441.8 and 677.0 nm in 0.10 M perchloric acid solution were monitored and linear working ranges of 0.3-12.0 and 0.7-20 μg mL-1 with detection limits of 0.07 and 0.10 μg mL-1 were obtained, respectively. Also, recoveries in the range of 92.8 to 100.1% and relative standard deviations in the range of 0.4 to 7.1% were obtained. First derivative spectrophotometry has also been applied for palladium determination under the optimum condition. The linear dynamic range of 0.2-24.0 μg mL-1 palladium with relative standard deviations of 0.6-6.9% and recoveries in the range of 94.9-102.5% has been obtained by first derivative spectrophotometry. The method shows high selectivity because of the high concentration of acid used, which prevents formation of complexes of α-benzilmonoxime with the other cations. The palladium complex formed was stable at least one day. The method was successfully applied to the determination of palladium in some synthetic palladium alloys and palladium-charcoal powder.
1731 - 1736
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