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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 22, Number 4
BKCSDE 22(4)
April 20, 2001 

7 Li-NMR and Thermal Analysis for Lithium Inserted into Artificial Carbon Material
Won-Chun Oh
Lithium, Artificial carbon, Intercalation, XRD, DSC, 7Li-NMR.
Lithium inserted into artificial carbon has been synthesized as a function of the Li concentration. The characteristics of these prepared compounds were determined from the studies using X-ray diffraction(XRD), solid nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectrophotometric and differential scanning calorimeter(DSC) analysis. X-ray diffraction showed that lower stage intercalation compounds were formed with increasing Li concentration. In the case of the AG3, most compounds formed were of the stage 1 structure. Pure stage 1 structural defects of artificial graphite were not observed. 7Li-NMR data showed that bands are shifted toward higher frequencies with increasing lithium concentration; this is because non-occupied electron shells of Li increased in charge carrier density. Line widths of the Li inserted carbon compounds decreased slowly because of nonhomogeneous local magnetic order and the random electron spin direction for located Li between graphene layers. The enthalpy and entropy changes of the compounds can be obtained from the differential scanning calorimetric analysis results. From these results, it was found that exothermic and endothermic reactions of lithium inserted into artificial carbon are related to the thermal stability of lithium between artificial carbon graphene layers.
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