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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 43, Number 3
JKCSEZ 43(3)
June 20, 1999 

 
Title
Synthesis of Organic EL Materials with Cyano Group and Evaluation of Emission Characteristics in Organic EL Devices

시안기를 가진 유기 EL 물질들의 합성 및 유기 EL 소자에서의 발광특성평가
Author
Dong Uk Kim

김동욱
Keywords
Abstract
고성능 전계발광(electroluminescent, EL) 소자에 사용되는 발광물질의 개발을 위하여 설계된 발광기능기의 분자구조는 비스스틸렌구조의 발광기능기에 전자주입과 수송을 위한 시안기와 정공주입과 수송을 위한 페닐아민기를 가진 구조이다. 위의 발광기능기로 구성된 고분자물질, PU-BCN과 저분자물질, D-BCN을 합성하였다. PU-BCN과 D-BCN을 발광층으로 사용하여 만들어진 단층형 소자(SL)의 구조는 Indium-tin oxide(ITO)/발광층/MgAg이고, 적층형소자의 구조는 ITO/발광층/oxadiazole dehvative/MgAg, (DL-E)와 ITO/tri-phenylamine derivative/발광층/MgAg,(DL-H)의 두 종류이다. 동일한 발광기능기를 가진 고분자 발광물질, PU-BCN과 저분자발광물질, D-BCN은 전하주입과 수송성이 띄어난 물질로 평가되었으며, 두 발광물질들은 높은 전류밀도하에서 거의 동일한 발광특성을 보였다. 발광물질들의 최대 발광 피이크는 약 640 nm의 적색 발광영역에서 측정되었다.

Novel electroluminescent materials, polymer material, PU-BCN and low molar mass material, D-BCN with the same chromophores were designed and synthesized. A molecular structure of chromophore was composed of bisstyrylbenzene derivative with cyano groups as electron injection and transport and phenylamine groups as hole injection and transport. Device structures with PU-BCN and D-BCN as an emission layer were fa-bricated, which were a single-layer device(SL), Indium-tin oxide(ITO)/emission layer/MgAg, and two kinds of double-layer devices which were composed of ITO/emission layer/oxadiazole derivative/MgAg as a DL-E device and ITO/triphenylamine derivative/emission layer/MgAg as a DL-H device. The two emission materials, PU-BCN and D-BCN with the same emission-chromophore were evaluated as having excellent performance of charge injection and transport and revealed almost the same emission characteristics in high current density. EL emission maximum peaks of two material were detected at about 640 nm wavelength of red emission region.

Page
315 - 320
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