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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 41, Number 5
JKCSEZ 41(5)
October 20, 1997 

A Comparative Study on Adsorption of PCB Congeners in Mineral Oil by Activated Carbon

활성탄에 의한 광유내 PCB Congeners의 흡착에 관한 비교 연구
Keon Sang Ryoo

광유로부터 polychlorinated biphenyls(PCBs)를 제거할 수 있는 가능성을 평가하기 위해 활성탄을 이용한 흡착반응을 연구하였다. 염소원자의 치환이 비교적 적은 PCB로 구성되어 있는 Aroclor 1242의 흡착 효율은 95% 이상이었으나, 많은 염소원자들로 치환된 Aroclor 1260은 상당히 낮은 75%의 효율을 나타내었다. 관찰된 차이점은 평면이나 비평면 구조를 갖고 있는 PCBs의 기하학적인 구조에 기인한다. 실제로 평면구조 PCBs의 농도는 Aroclor 1260에서보다도 Aroclor 1242에서 훨씬 높다. PCBs의 독성은 주로 평면 구조와 관련되어 있기 때문에, 활성탄에 의한 평면구조 PCBs의 우선적인 흡착은 활성탄의 처리를 통해 독성의 감소가 성취될 수 있다는 것을 보여준다. 독성 감소의 효율은 Toxicity Equivalence Factor(TEF)를 써서 평가하였다.

The sorption kinetic was studied to evaluate feasibility of removing PCBs from mineral oil with activated carbon. Adsorption efficiency for Aroclor 1242 which is composed of lower chlorinated PCB formulations was ≥ 95%, whereas the adsorption efficiency for Aroclor 1260 having higher chlorinated constituents was considerably lower with the efficiency falling to 75%. The observed difference in the adsorption efficiency is attributed to the geometry of PCBs with non-planar and coplanar structure. The concentration of coplanar PCBs is appreciably higher in Aroclor 1242. Since toxicity is primarily associated with coplanar congeners, the preferential adsorption of coplanar congeners by activated carbon accounts for the fact that toxicity reduction can be achieved through this process. The efficiency of process was assessed in terms of Toxicity Equivalence Factor (TEF).

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