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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 37, Number 3
JKCSEZ 37(3)
June 20, 1993 

Simultaneous Concentration and Determination of Several Trace Elements in Sea Water by Ce(OH)3 Coprecipitation

Ce(OH)3의 공침부선에 의한 해주중 몇 가지 미량원소의 동시 농축 및 정량
Woo-Sik Sung, Hee-Seon Choi, Young-Sang Kim

성우식, 최희선, 김영상
침전부선법에 의한 해수중 몇 가지 미량원소이 예비농축에 관하여 연구하였으며, 농축된 원소들을 불꽃 원자흡수분광법으로 정량하였다. Cd(Ⅱ), Cu(Ⅱ), Fe(Ⅲ), Mn(Ⅱ), Pb(Ⅱ) 및 Pd(Ⅱ) 등의 미량원소를 정량적으로 농축하기 위하여, 해수 1.0ℓ에 1.0M Ce(Ⅲ)용액 2.0 ㎖를 가하고 자석젓개로 저어주면서 5.0M NaOH 용액으로 pH 를 9.5로 조정하여 침전시켰다. 부선용기에서 계면활성제인 0.3% sodium oleate 용액 1.0 ㎖ 가하고 다공성(porosity No.4) 유리판을 통하여 질소기체를 통과시켜 침전들을 용액 표면으로 띄웠다. 부선된 침전들을 모아서 거르고 씻은 다음 8.0M HNO3으로 녹여 탈이온수로 10.0 ㎖되게 만들었다. 원자흡광도를 측정하여 농축된 원소들을 정량하였다. 동해안 강릉지역과 서해안 강화도지역의 해수 중 상기 분석원소들의 농도는 이 방법의 검출한계 이하였다. 그러나 이 방법의 응용성을 보기 위하여 해수시료에 일정량의 원소들을 첨가하여 분석한 회수율이 92% 이상이었다.

A method was developed for the determination of trace elements in seawater by precipitate flotation preconcentration and subsequent flame atomic absorption detection. In order to quantitatively coprecipitate trace ions such as Cd(Ⅱ), Cu(Ⅱ), Fe(Ⅲ), Mn(Ⅱ), Pb(Ⅱ) and Pd(Ⅱ), 2.0 ㎖ of 1.0M cerium(Ⅲ) solution was added to 1.0ℓ of seawater and the pH was adjusted to 9.5 with 5.0 M sodium hydroxide solution while stirring with a magnetic stirrer. The precipitate was floated with the aid of surfactant solution (1.0 ㎖ of 0.3% sodium oleate) by bubbling nitrogen gas through a porous (No. 4) fritted glass disk. The floats was collected in a small Erlenmeyer flask by suction. The washed precipitate was dissolved in 8.0 M nitric acid and marked with deionized water in the volumetric flask of 10.0 ㎖. The analyte was determined by measuring the atomic absorbances in 100-fold concentrated solution. Above all analytes in Kangnung (East Sea) and Kanghwado (West Sea) sea waters were found to be under the detection limit of this method. The recoveries of over 92% for all analytes spiked into seawater samples showed that this method was applicable to the analysis of real seawater.

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