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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 37, Number 3
JKCSEZ 37(3)
June 20, 1993 

 
Title
Shape-Selective Catalytic Reactions of Toluene with n-Propylalcohol Over ZSM-5 Zeolites

ZSM-5 제올라이트에서 n-프로필알코올의 톨루엔에 대한 형상 선택적 촉매반응
Author
Han-Yun Yi, Byoung Joon Ahn

이한운, 안병준
Keywords
Abstract
변형된 ZSM-5 제올라이트 촉매에서 톨루엔의 n-프로필알코올에 대한 산촉매 반응이 조사되었고, 이알킬벤젠 이성질체들의 100℃에서의 흡착 실험이 수행되었다. 4-프로필암모늄이온, 알루민산나트륨, 콜로이달실리카 등으로부터 수열반응에 의하여 ZSM-5가 합성되었으며, H-, K-, Sr-, P-Mg-HZSM-5, H-Y 및 H-모더나이트 등이 전통적인 방법에 의하여 만들어졌다. HZSM-5에서 톨루엔의 n-프로필알코올에 의한 주반응생성물은 크실렌, 프로필톨루엔 뿐만 아니라 에틸톨루엔을 포함하며, P-Mg-HZSM-5에서는 이알킬벤젠 이성질체중 높은 파라 선택성이 얻어졌다. 다양한 p-이성질체들의 확산계수는 1 × 10-10 cm2/sec로 일정했으며 o-이성질체보다 m-이성질체가 10배 이상 느리게 나타났다. 이들 반응 및 흡착특성이 제올라이트의 세공구조에 의한 형상 선택성, 제올라이트의 산성도 등의 관점에서 해석되었다.

The acid catalytic reactions of toluene with n-propylalcohol were investigated and the adsorption experiments of dialkylbenzene isomers were carried out at 100℃ over modified HZSM-5 zeolites. ZSM-5 zeolite was synthesized by the hydrothermal reaction using 4-propylammonium ion, sodium aluminate and colloidal silica etc., and several zeolite catalysts, including H-, K-, Sr-, P-Mg-HZSM-5, H-Y and H-mordenite, were prepared by conventional methods. The main reaction products of toluene with n-propylalcohol over HZSM-5 catalyst include not only xylenes, propyltoluenes, but also ethyltoluenes and high para-selectivity among dialkylbenzene isomers was observed on P-Mg-HZSM-5 zeolite. The diffusion coefficients of various p-dialkylbenzenes are nearly the same, about 1 × 10-10 cm2/sec and that of m-xylene was about one tenth of o-xylene. These reaction and adsorption characteristics were interpreted in the light of the shape-selectivity related to related to the zeolite pore structure and the zeolitic acidity.

Page
317 - 326
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