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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 35, Number 1
JKCSEZ 35(1)
February 20, 1991 

 
Title
Lipids Constituents of the Korean Marine Sponges

한국산 해면의 지질 성분 연구
Author
In Kyu Kim, Sun Ku Park, Sung Hye Park, Sung Keun Jhang

김인규, 박선구, 박성혜, 장성근
Keywords
Abstract
한국 남해안 소흑산도에서 채집한 해면 V.japonica H.로부터 통상적인tetradecanoic 및 hexadecanoic methyl ester 이외에 탄소가 홀수인 pentadecanoic, heptadecanoic methyl ester와 가지달린 12-methyltetradecanoic, 14-methylpentadecanoic, 15-methylhexadecanoic 및 14-methylhexadecanoic methyl ester가 발견되었으며, 주 sterol 성분으로는 cholesterol과 소량의 ergost-25-ene-3,5,6-triol이 검출되었다. 한편, 여수 돌산도에서 채집한 해면 H.sinapium의 주 sterol성분은 5α-cholestan-3β-ol이었고 cholesterol은 소량으로 얻어졌다. 지방산으로는 팔미틴산, 팔미토레인산, 올레인산, 스테아린산 및 리놀레인산 에틸에스터 이외에 상당량의 arachidonic산 에틸에스터가 함유되어 있었다. 상기 지역에서 채집한 또 다른 해면에서는 상당량의 tetradecanoic tetradecyl 및 hexadecyl ester와 sterol 성분으로 cholesteryl acetic 및 fatty acid ester가 함유되어 있었다.

Various sterols and uncommon fatty acids have been isolated from the three species of Korean marine sponges. Odd-numbered pentadecanoic, heptadecanoic methyl ester and branched 12-methyltetradecanoic, 14-methylpentadecanoic, 15-methylhexadecanoic and 14-methylhexadecanoic methyl ester were isolated along with common tetradecanoic and hexadecanoic methyl ester from Heteropiidae sponge Vosmaeropsis japonica Hozawa collected from Sohuksan island of the Korea sea. Futher elution with more polar solvent gave 5α-cholestan-3β-ol along with minor amount of ergost-25-ene-3β,5α,6β-triol. On the other hand, marine sponge Hymeniacidon sinapium collected from Yesu Dolsan island of the Korea sea was shown to contain 5α-cholestan-3β-ol, along with minor amount of cholesterol, palmitic, palmitoleic, oleic, stearic, linolenic, and arachidonic acid ethyl ester. Unknown marin sponge collected from the same region was shown to contain large amount of tetradecanoic tetradecyl and hexadecyl ester and cholesteryl acetic and fatty acid ester.

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85 - 89
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