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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 35, Number 1
JKCSEZ 35(1)
February 20, 1991 

Synthesis of 1-Benzyl-4-Iodomethyl-2-Azetidinone and Electrochemical Reduction on the Iodo Group

1-Benzyl-4-Iodomethyl-2-Azetidinone의 합성과 Iodo기에 대한 전기화학적 환원반응
Il Kwang Kim, Young Haeng Lee, Chai Ho Lee, Kyu Yun Chai, Youn Geun Kim

김일광, 이영행, 이채호, 채규윤, 김윤근
1-Benzyl-4-iodomethyl-2-azetidinone(BIMA)을 합성하여 iodomethyl기에 대한 전기화학적 환원을 direct current, differential pulse polarography, cyclic voltammetry 그리고 controlled potential coulometry 방법으로 연구하였다. BIMA의 환원과정은 1단계(-1.35 volts vs. Ag-AgCl)에서 완전비가역과 2전자이동후에 양성자가 첨가되는 EEC 반응기구로 진행되었으며 1-benzyl-4-methyl-2-azetidinone이 생성되었다. 양이온 계면활성제(cetyltrimethylammonium bromide)의 농도가 진하여질수록 양전위 이동이 있었으나 음이온 계면활성제(sodium lauryl sulfate)의 경우에는 2단계로 세분화되는 현상이 나타났다. pH변화에 따른 전극환원과정과 생성물 분석의 결과를 바탕으로 전기화학적 반응기구를 제안하였다.

1-Benzyl-4-iodomethyl-2-azetidinone(BIMA) was synthesized and its electrochemical reduction was investigated by direct current, differential pulse polarography, cyclic voltammetry and controlled potential coulometry. The irreversible two electron transfer on reductive dehalogenation of iodo group proceeded to form 1-benzyl-4-methyl-2-azetidinone by EEC electrode reaction mechanism at the first reduction step(-1.35 volts vs. Ag-AgCl). The polarographic reduction waves separated into two reduction steps due to anionic surfactant (sodium lauryl sulfate) effects, while the waves were shifted to the positive potential as the concentration of cationic surfactant (cetyltrimethylammonium bromide) increased. Upon the basis of results on the product analysis and interpretation of polarogram with pH variable, EEC electrochemical reaction mechanism was suggested.

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