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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 34, Number 4
JKCSEZ 34(4)
August 20, 1990 

Trace Analysis as TBDMS Derivatives of Organic Acids in Aqueous Samples

TBDMS 유도체로서 수용액 시료중의 유기산 미량분석 연구
Kyoung-Rae Kim, Jung-Han Kim, Hyoung-Kook Park

김경례, 김정한, 박형국
생화학적으로 주요한 유기산들을 신속히 분석 확인할 수 있는 효율적인 가스크로마토그래피 분석법을 개발하였다. 본 방법에서는 고형흡착제로서 Chromosorb P와 용출용매로서 diethyl ether를 사용하여 수용성 시료로부터 유기산을 고체상 추출한 후 triethylamine으로 처리하였다. 생성된 유기산들의 triethylammonium염을 직접 tert-butyldimethylsiyl 유도체로 전환시킨 후 극성이 다른 DB-5와 DB-1701 두 capillary column 분석 후 측정된 각 유기산들의 retention index (RI)와 area ratio (AR)값을 가지고 컴퓨터 RI library조사와 AR 비교를 하였을 때 신속히 유기산을 동정할 수 있었다. 본 방법은 다양한 복합 시료들의 유기산 분석을 하는데 응용될 수 있을 것이다.

An effecient gas chromatographic method is described to be used routinely for the rapid profiling and identification of biochemically important organic acids. It involves the solid-phase extraction of organic acids from aqueous samples using Chromosorb P as the solid sorbent and diethyl ether as the eluting solvent, with subsequent triethylamine treatment. The resulting triethylammonium salts of acids were directly converted to volatile tert-butyldimethylsiyl derivatives, which were simultaneously analyzed by two capillary columns of different polarity, DB-5 and DB-1701, under the identical temperature programming condition. The retention index (RI) and area ratio (AR) values of each peak measured on DB-5 and DB-1701 enabled rapid identification of acids by computer RI library search and AR comparison. The application of the present method to the organic acid profiling of various complex samples is demonstrated.

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