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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 33, Number 1
JKCSEZ 33(1)
February 20, 1989 

 
Title
A Study on the Simultaneous Analysis of Fat-Soluble Vitamins in Food Stuffs and Vitamin Products by High Performance Liquid Chromatography

고성능 액체 크로마토그래피에 의한 식품 및 비타민 제제중의 지용성 비타민의 동시 분석에 관한 연구
Author
Poongzag Kim, Chong-Hyeak Kim

김풍작, 김종혁
Keywords
Abstract
식품 및 비타민 제제중에 존재하는 지용성 비타민의 추출 및 동시 정량법을 검토하였다. 역상 액체크로마토그래피에 의한 지용성 비타민의 동시 분리 및 정량은 메탄올 : 물 = 95 : 5 이동상으로 Novapak C18 컬럼하에서 이루어졌다. 비타민의 검출에는 UV검출기를 사용하였으며 검출감도를 증가시키기 위하여 분석중 UV 검출파장을 각각의 비타민 용리시간에 따라 최대흡수 파장인 330, 265, 285 및 290nm로 변경하였다. 지용성 비타민의 분리 및 분석은 40분안에 완료되었다. 시료의 전처리에는 알카리 가수분해법과 효소가수분해법을 이용하였으며, 비타민의 추출은 액체-액체추출법과 액체-고체추출법을 이용하였다. 비타민 A,D, E 분석에는 알카리 가수분해법 및 효소가수분해법이 비타민 K 분석에는 효소가수분해법만이 좋은 결과를 나타냈으며, 비타민 추출에는 액체-액체 추출시 diethyl ether, pentane 및 n-hexane이, 액체-고체 추출시 silica 카트리지가 좋은 추출효과를 나타냈다.

The extraction method and quantitative analysis for the fat-soluble vitamins present in food stuffs and vitamin products have been investigated. The simultaneous separation and analysis of the vitamins by reverse phase high performance liquid chromatographic method was conducted using an isocratic elution with methanol : water (95 : 5) eluent on a Novapak C18 column. The detection of vitamins was achieved by a variable wavelength UV detector. To improve the detection sensitivity detection wavelengths were set at the highest absorption bands such as 330, 265, 285, and 290nm for the respective vitamins. The analysis for the fat-soluble vitamins was finished within 40 minutes. Alkaline hydrolysis and enzymatic hydrolysis were investigated for the sample preparation; and liquid-liquid extraction and liquid-solid extraction were attempted for the extraction of vitamins. Both hydrolysis methods were turned out to be appropriate for the analysis for vitamins A, D, and E, while for the analysis of vitamin K the enzymatic hydrolysis method demonstrated better results. Diethyl ether, pentane, and n-hexane were found to give higher recovery for the liquid-liquid extraction and silica cartridge for the liquid-solid extraction.

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