Current time in Korea 16:36 Oct 31 (Sat) Year 2020 KCS KCS Publications
KCS Publications
My Journal  Log In  Register
HOME > Search > Browsing(JKCS) > Archives

Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 30, Number 5
JKCSEZ 30(5)
October 20, 1986 

Studies on Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometric Analysis of Hexavalent Chromium in Waste Water by Solvent Extraction

용매 추출법에 의한 폐수중 6가크롬의 원자흡수 분광분석에 관한 연구
Eung-Pyo Kim, Young-Sang Kim

김응표, 김영상
폐수 중의 6가크롬을 음이온 교환체인 aliquat-336(tri-caprylmethyl ammonium chloride)으로 이온쌍을 형성시켜 유기용매인 p-xylene으로 추출하여 원자흡수분광도법으로 정량하는 방법에 대하여 조사 검토하였다. Toluene을 용매로 사용하여 유기물을 제거한 폐수 100ml를 취하여 염산으로 pH 0.5 되게 산성화시킨 다음 aliquat-336을 0.01M되게 녹인 p-xylene 20ml로 6가크롬을 추출하였다. 표준물첨가법에 의해 air-acetylene 불꽃에서 용매중에 추출된 6가크롬을 정량하였다. Al(Ⅲ), Fe(Ⅲ), Cr(Ⅲ)이온들은 6가크롬의 추출 및 흡광도 측정에 방해 하지 않았으며, Fe(Ⅲ)이온이 6가크롬을 3가크롬으로 환원시키기 때문이다. 또한 유기물이 존재하면 6가크롬의 흡광도를 감소시키므로 이런 방해유기물을 toluene으로 추출 제거하였다. 최적 조건으로 분석한 결과는 96%이상의 회수율을 보여 주었고 이는 미량 분석에서 정확한 방법이라 할 수 있고, 상대평균편차가 3.95%로서 재현성도 비교적 좋았다.

Atomic absorption spectrophotometric (AAS) determination of hexavalent chromium [Cr(Ⅵ)] in a waste water was studied. Cr(Ⅵ) was extracted with p-xylene from the wastewater, in the way of ion pair formation with anion exchanger aliquat-336(tri-caprylmethyl ammonium chloride). 100ml waste water, after organic materials were extracted out with toluene, was acidified with conc. HCl adjusting the medium to pH 0.5 and 20ml of p-xylene containing 0.01M aliguat-336 was used to extract Cr(Ⅵ) from the acidified solution. The absorbance of chromium was measured with air-acetylene flame at 357.9nm. Standard addition method was used in the determining concentration of Cr(Ⅵ) extracted. No interference has been found in the extraction of Cr(Ⅵ) by the Al(Ⅲ), Fe(Ⅲ) and Cr(Ⅲ) ion presented. However, Fe(Ⅱ) decreased the absorbance of Cr(Ⅵ), due to the fact Fe(Ⅱ) reduces Cr(Ⅵ) to Cr(Ⅲ). The contained organic material was removed prior to extracting process, since it may reduced the absorbance of Cr(Ⅵ). The recovery of added Cr(Ⅵ) was over 96%, which seems to be promising and the relative standard deviation was 3.95%

423 - 432
Full Text