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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 29, Number 3
JKCSEZ 29(3)
June 20, 1985 

 
Title
The Properties of Porous and Non Porous Aminated Polystyrene Divinylbenzene Anion Exchanger

아민화된 다공성 및 비다공성 폴리스티렌 디비닐벤젠 음이온교환체의 성질
Author
Dong Won Kim, Tae Won Min, Jae Jick Oh

김동원, 민태원, 오제식
Keywords
Abstract
비다공성 및 다공성 폴리스티렌 디비닐벤젠 공중합체를 합성하고, 이것을 클로로메틸화 한후, 메틸아민으로 아미노화하여 약염기성 음이온교환수지인, 50∼100mesh의 비다공성, N-APSTDVB와 다공성, P-APSTDVB를 만들었다. 합성한 이들 음이온교환수지를 적외선 흡수스펙트럼으로 확인하였다. 이들 음이온교환수지의 최대 이온교환용량은 4.86meq/g이었다. 다공성 폴리스티렌 디비닐벤젠 공중합체, P-APSTDVB의 세공용적은, 디비닐벤젠의 볼륨퍼센트를 30%로 하였을 때, Xdiluent의 증가에 따라서 증가하였다. 또한 Xdiluent의 양을 0.5로 일정하게 하였을때, P-APSTDVB공중합체의 세공용적은, 디비닐벤젠의 볼륨퍼센트가 증가함에 따라 증가하였다. 디비닐벤젠의 퍼센트를 8%로 일정하게 하고, Xheptan을 0.5로 하였을 때, 합성한 공중합체와 음이온교환수지의 세공용적은, P-PSTDVB 〉P-APSTDVB 〉N-PSTDVB순으로 감소하였다. 여러 농도하에서의, 여러종류의 알코올 수용액중에서의 N-APSTDVB음이온교환수지에 대한 붕산의 분포계수가, 또한 논의되었다.

The non-porous and porous polystyrene divinylbenzene copolymers were prepared by the suspension polymerization method. The non-porous aminated polystyrene divinylbenzene, N-APSTDVB and the porous aminated polystyrene divinylbenzene, P-APSTDVB of 50∼100mesh size weakly basic anion exchanger were synthesized by chloromethylation followed by amination with methylamine. The functional groups of these synthesized anion exchangers were confirmed by their infrared spectra. The maximum capacity of these exchangers was 4.86meq/g. Pore volume and pore spectra were determined with a mercury porosimeter. The pore volume of P-PSTDVB increased with increasing Xdiluent at 30% of divinylbenzene. However, the pore volume of P-PSTDVB increased with increasing volume percent of divinylbenzene at constant mole fraction of diluent, Xdiluent of 0.5. The pore volume of synthesized copolymer and anion exchanger at 8% divinylbenzene and 0.5Xheptane decreased as follows; P-PSTDVB 〉P-APSTDVB 〉N-PSTDVB. This result was attributed to the possibility that the pore volume were reduced by amination reactions. The distribution coefficients of boric acid on the N-APSTDVB anion exchanger in various concentrations of alcohol water solutions showed that as alcohol concentration increased, the distribution coefficients values decreased due to the reduced concentration of H2BO3-.

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233 - 238
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