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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 29, Number 1
JKCSEZ 29(1)
February 20, 1985 

 
Title
Effect of Pressure on the Solubilities of Protein Model Compounds

단백질 모델 화합물들의 압력에 따르는 용해도의 변화
Author
Sunho Song, Keon Kim

송선호, 김건
Keywords
Abstract
N-아세틸-ㅣ-페닐 알라닐-ㅣ-페닐 알라닌 메틸 에스테르(APhPhMe)와 N-아세틸-ㅣ-페닐 알라닌 메틸에스테르(APhMe) 그리고 N-아세틸-ㅣ- 페닐알라닐-l-알라닌메틸에스테르(APhAlMe)를 모델화합물로 사용하여 단백질 변성을 연구하였다. APhPhMe는 압력이 증가하면 물에서의 용해도가 증가하였고 APhMe는 반대로 크게 감소하였지만 APhAlMe는 측정한 온도에서 거의 변화가 없었다. APhPhMe의 부피 변화는 20, 30, 40, 50℃에서 각각 -0.9, -1.47, -1.09, -1.52 ml/mole이었고 APhMe는 20, 30, 40℃에서 +6.0, +7.0, +7.5 ml/mole이었지만 APhAlMe는 세 온도 모두 0에 가까왔다. 이러한 결과를 소수성 상호작용과 펩티드 결합에 의한 수소결합으로 설명하였다. 즉 펩티드 결합만 존재하거나, 비교적 큰 소수성 작용기 1개와 펩티드 결합 1개가 동시에 있을 경우에는 펩티드 결합만 존재하거나, 비교적 큰 소수성 작용기 1개와 펩티드 결합 1개가 동시에 있을 경우에는 펩티드 결합사이의 수소결합이 소수성 상호 작용보다 우세하였고, 펩티드 결합과 소수성 작용기가 동시에 1개씩 증가할때는 소수성 상호작용이 우세한 것 같다.

N-Acetyl-1-phenylalanyl-1-phenylalanine methyl ester (APhPhMe), N-acetyl-l-phenylalanine methyl ester (APhMe) and N-acetyl-1-phenylalanyl-1-alanine methyl ester (APhAlMe) were used as model compounds to investigate a protein denaturation under various temperatures and pressures. Overall, the solubility of APhPhMe in water increased with increasing pressure and that of APhMe decreased. However, the solubility of APhAlMe was nearly same. The values of volume change of APhPhMe were -0.9, -1.47, -1.09, -1.52 ml/mole at 20, 30, 40 and 50℃, respectively, and those of APhMe were +6.0, +7.0, +7.5 ml/mole at 20, 30 and 40℃, respectively. But those of APhAlMe were nearly zero at the measured temperature. The experimental result seems to be explained by the hydrophobic interaction and hydrogen bond of peptide bonds. In the compounds which have only peptide bonds and which have both a pretty large hydrophobic group and a peptide bond in the molecules, the hydrogen bond between peptide bonds is more dominant than the hydrophobic interaction. However, when the number of peptide bond and hydrophobic group increase simultaneously, the hydrophobic interaction seems to be more dominant.

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