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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 27, Number 6
JKCSEZ 27(6)
December 20, 1983 

 
Title
Study on the Facile Preparation of S-2-(ω-aminoalkylamino) ethyl Dihydrogen Phosphorothioates

티오인산이수소 S-2-(ω-아미노알킬아미노) 에틸들의 간편합성법 연구
Author
You Sun Kim, Suc Won Kim

김유선, 김석원
Keywords
Abstract
방사선장해를 예방할 수 있는 특성을 지닌 티오인산 이수소 S-2-(ω-아미노알킬아미노)에틸들의 간편한 합성법을 연구하였다. 중간체인 3-(2-프탈이미도에틸)-2-옥사졸리디논을 프탈이미드 칼륨염과 3-(2-브로모에틸)-2-옥사졸리디논을 반응시켜 만들었으며, 이 브로모에틸의 옥사졸리디논 유도체는 디에탄올아민으로부터 만들어진 2,2-디브로모 디에틸아민과 탄산염 혼합물의 알카리성 고리닫기 반응으로 합성할 수 있었다. 이 중간체는 30% 브롬화수소(가스)-초산용액으로 반응시켜 브롬화수소 N-(2-(2-브로모에틸아미노)에틸)프탈이미드로 유도되었고 이것을 다시 브롬화수소-초산용액으로 반응시켜 이브롬화수소 N-(2-브롬화에틸)-1,2-에탄디아민을 얻을 수 있었다. 1,3-디아미노프로판과 2-클로로에탄올로부터 2-(3-아미노프로필아미노)에탄올을 합성하고 이것을 Cortese씨법으로 처리하여 이브롬화수소 N-(2-브로모에틸)-1,3-프로판아민을 얻었다. 이들 이브롬화수소들을 DMF 용매에서 티오인산 나트륨으로 처리하여 티오인산 이수소 S-2-(ω-아미노알킬아미노) 에틸들을 합성하였다. 각각의 합성과정의 특징을 반응조건 및 총수율과 관련시켜 논의하였으며 티오인산 유도체를 합성하는 각편한 방법을 제의하였다.

The facile route of preparing S-2-(ω-aminoalkylamino) ethyl dihydrogen phosphorothioates, potential chemical radioprotectants, have been studied. Intermediate 3-(2-phthalimidoethyl)-2-oxazolidinone was prepared by a reaction of potassium phthalimide and 3-(2-bromoethyl)-2-oxazolidinone, which was obtained through the alkaline ring closure of a mixture of carbonate and 2,2'-dibromo diethylamine prepared from diethanolamine. This was converted to N-[2-(2-bromoethylamino)ethyl] phthalimide hydrobromide by 30% HBr(gas) in acetic acid and N-(2-bromoethyl)-1,2-ethanediamine dihydrobromide was obtained by reacting the hydrobromide with a solution of HBr-HOAc. N-(2-bromoethyl)-1,3-propanediamine dihydrobromide could be prepared through the Cortese treatment of 2-(3-aminopropylamino) ethanol, which was prepared by a reaction of 1,3-diaminopropane and 2-chloroethanol. These dihydrobromides were treated by sodium thiophosphate in DMF to result S-2-(ω-aminoalkylamino) ethyl dihydrogen phosphorothioates. The characteristics of each reaction path were discussed in regards to reaction conditions and overall yields and a facile route of preparing each derivative was proposed.

Page
449 - 456
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