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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 26, Number 4
JKCSEZ 26(4)
August 20, 1982 

Free-Radical Polymerization and Copolymerization of N-Acetyl α-Aminoacrylic Acid

N-Acetyl α-aminoacrylic Acid의 자유라디칼 중합 및 혼성중합
Il Hyun Park, Chong Kwang Lee, Jae Ho Choi, Jung-Il Jin

박일현, 이종광, 최재호, 진정일
본 연구에서는 자유라디칼 메카니즘에 의한 N-acetyl α-aminoacrylic acid의 단독중합 반응속도와 혼성중합 반응성을 연구하였으며, DMF 용매를 사용하여 60℃에서 단독중합 시켰을 때의 중합속도 (Rp)는 단위체 농도 [M]와 개시제 농도 [I]에 대하여 Rp = kp[M]0.97[I]0.59의 관계를 나타내었다. 또한 이 단위체의 단독중합 총괄 활성화 에너지는 25.2 kcal/mole이었다. N-acetyl α-aminoacrylic acid를 아크릴산 및 스티렌 단위체와 혼성중합 시켰을 때의 단위체 반응성비는 아래와 같았다. r1(N-acetyl α-aminoacrylic acid) = 0.49, r2(acrylic acid) = 1.41; r1(N-acetyl α-aminoacrylic acid) = 0.44, r2(styrene) = 0.91. Alfrey-Price 식을 이용하여 계산한 N-acetyl α-aminoacrylic acid의 Q와 e값은 두 경우 모두 Q=0.51, e=0.16이었다. 단독중합체 및 혼성중합체들의 열적성질을 DTA 및 TGA법으로 분석하여 비교하여 보았다.

The free radical polymerization and copolymerization of N-acetyl α-aminoacrylic acid were investigated. From the result of kinetic investigation of N-acetyl α-aminoacrylic acid in DMF at 60℃, a rate equation of Rp = kp[M]0.97[I]0.59 was obtained. The overall activation energy for the polymerization was found to be 25.2 kcal/mole. Copolymerization of N-acetyl α-aminoacrylic acid with acrylic acid and styrene was carried out for the determination of monomer reactivity ratios. The monomer reactivity ratios for the monomer pairs determined at 70.0±0.1℃ using benzoyl peroxide as an initiator are; r1(N-acetyl α-aminoacrylic acid) = 0.49, r2(acrylic acid) = 1.41, r1(N-acetyl α-aminoacrylic acid) = 0.44, r2(styrene) = 0.91. The values of Alfrey-Price's Q and e parameters for N-acetyl α-aminoacrylic acid were calculated to be 0.51 and 0.16 for the both systems. Differential thermal analysis and thermogravimetry showed that acrylic acid copolymers have poorer thermal stability as compared with the homopolymer of N-acetyl α-aminoacrylic acid.

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