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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 24, Number 4
JKCSEZ 24(4)
August 20, 1980 

 
Title
A Study on the Synthesis of 1,3,5,7-Tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetraazacyclooctane

1,3,5,7-Tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetraazacyclooctane의 합성연구에 대한 고찰
Author
J. B. Kang, B. T. Koo, S. K. Lee, K. H. Lee, D. Y. Oh

강정부, 구본탁, 이상국, 이경희, 오동영
Keywords
Abstract
1,3,5,7-Tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetraazacyclooctane (homocyclonite)의 합성에 있어서 부산물로 1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazacyclohexane (cyclonite)이 동시에 생성되는데, 본 연구는 반응메카니즘 측면에서 주 생성물 homocyclonite로 가는 중간생성물인 1,5-endomethylene-3,7-dinitro-1,3,5,7-tetraazacyclooctane (DPT)을 액체크로마토그래피로 추적하고 반응계내의 총 메틸렌대 아미노 N 비율을 결정하기 위해 반응중에 첨가되는 paraformaldehyde의 최적의 양을 찾기 위한 이론적인 식을 유도하였으며, (식 1 참조) 실제 실험에서 얻어진 결과와 비교함으로서 주생성물인 homocyclonite의 최대의 수율을 얻기 위한 반응조건을 확인하였다.

1,3,5,7-Tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetraazacyclooctane (homocyclonite) is prepared simultaneously with 1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazacyclohexane (cyclonite) by nitrolysis of hexamethylenetetramine. The purpose of our study was to detect the existence of intermediate, 1,5-endomethylene-3,7-dinitro-1,3,5,7-tetraazacyclooctane (DPT), by liquid chromatography based on the reaction mechanism, to derive the theoretical equation which is determinated by the ratio of total methylene group vs. amino N, for the proper quantity of paraformaldehyde added in the reaction and to obtain the optimum condition for maximum yield and purity by comparing the experimental results with the theoretical equation.

Page
322 - 328
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