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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 20, Number 5
JKCSEZ 20(5)
October 20, 1976 

Adsorption of p-Xylene and Benzene on Graphite

흑연 표면위의 p-크실렌과 벤젠의 흡착
Seihun Chang, Soon Bo Lee, Youn Soo Kim, Woon-Sun Ahn

장세헌, 이순보, 김윤수, 안운선
진공미량저울을 써서 Spheron 6 (흑연카아본블랙)와 Alucer M.A. (Alumina) 위에서의 벤젠과 p-크실렌의 흡착등온곡선을 여러 온도에서 얻었다. 이로부터 이 두 흡착질의 흡착분자단면적이 온도에 어떻게 의존하는가를 알아 보았다. 흑연표면에서 p-크실렌은 19℃이하에서 촘촘하게 쌓인 편재흡착을 하고 19.2℃이상의 높은 온도에서는 제한된 회전을 하는 편재흡착을 한다. 이것으로 미루어 보아 벤젠, 및 간단한 벤젠유도체들도 낮은 온도에서는 촘촘하게 쌓인 편재흡착을 하고 높은 온도에서는 제한된 회전을 하는 편재흡착을 일으킨다고 생각된다. 한편 Alucer M.A. 표면에서는 이들 흡착질 분자의 흡착단면적이 온도증가에 따라 점차적으로 증가하여, 이들 흡착질 분자가 편재화되어 있지 않음을 나타내었다.

Adsorption isotherms of benzene and p-xylene on both of Spheron 6 (a graphitized carbon black) and Alucer (Alumina) are obtained at various temperatures using a sensitive quartz beam microbalance. From these isotherms BET plots are made to obtain the molecular areas of these adsorbates. On the Spheron 6, the molecular area of p-xylene remains constant until the temperature is increased up to 19℃, increases abruptly at 19℃ through 19.2℃, and then again remains constant thereafter. On the other hand, adsorbed benzene molecules give a quite temperature-independent molecular area. The results are interpreted as the adsorbed p-xylene molecules and benzene molecules are localized on the adsorbents with compact packing, while it gains a hindered-rotational degree of freedom at the expense of vibrational one at the higher temperatures. This peculiar behavior of adsorption is considered as due to the interactions between benzene rings of adsorbents and graphite surface. Molecular areas of these adsorbates on Alucer M. A. increase gradually with temperature, indicating that the adsorbed molecules are unlocalized.

351 - 357
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