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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 19, Number 5
JKCSEZ 19(5)
October 20, 1975 

Chemical Effects of Nuclear Transformations in Metal Salts

금속염의 원자핵변환의 화학적 효과
Byung Hun Lee, Jong Du Lee

이병헌, 이종두
크롬산염, 중크롬산염, 요오드산염 및 과요드산염의 중성자포획에 수반하는 크롬-51 및 요오드-128 반조 화학종의 분배를 거름종이 전기영동법으로 검토하였다. 유효반조에너지 및 내부전환의 관점에서 생각하면 중성자 포획원자가 초기분자중에 잔유하고 반조원자에너지가 결정의 적은 범위를 가열하며 소멸된다고 하기 어렵다. 그러나 거름종이 전기영동결과 더 많은 크롬-51 및 요오드-128 반조원자가 어미분자와 결합되어 있음을 알 수 있었다. 잔류율의 관찰결과 반응 이론을 Disorder Model로 설명하였다. 양이온 반경이 클수록 2차 cage를 돌파하는 반조원자의 확율이 높다. 암모늄염중 암모늄이온은 disorder zone에서 환원작용을 하며 잔류율이 낮어졌다. 결정구조에서 자유공간이 크면 잔류율이 낮어졌다.

The distribution of 51Cr and 128I recoil species following radiative-neutron capture in chromates, dichromates, iodates and periodates has been investigated by using paper-electrophoresis. In view of the effective recoil energy and the effect of the internal conversion, it is unlikely that an atom which has captured a neutron can remain bound in its original molecule. It is also unlikely that the energy of the recoil atom is dissipated in heating a small region of the crystal. However, the results of paper-electrophoresis separation of recoil 51Cr and 128I indicated that many more of the recoil atoms were bound in the parent molecule. The disorder model for the reaction was proposed from observations of retention. In considering cations, the greater their radii, the higher is the probability of the recoil atom breaking through the secondary cage. In ammonium salt, the ammonium ion behaved as a reducing agent in the disorder zone and resulted in low retention. Crystal structures with their greater free space have shown low retention.

331 - 338
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