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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 17, Number 5
JKCSEZ 17(5)
October 20, 1973 

 
Title
The Study on the Separation of the Subsidiary Elements in Iron and Steel by Using Ion Exchangers (I). The Separation of Cations

이온교환수지에 의한 철 및 강의 분석에 관한 연구 (제1보) 양이온 성분의 분리
Author
Byoung-Cho Lee, Myon-Yong Park, Kee-Chae Park

이병조, 박면용, 박기채
Keywords
Abstract
양이온교환수지관(Dowex 50w×12, 35cm×3.14cm2)을 사용하여 0.1M의 V(V), Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II), Cr(III), Mn(III), Fe(II), 용액을 각기 1ml씩 섞은 혼합 용액 7ml를 다음과 같은 용리액으로 용리시켜 정량적으로 분리하였다. 즉 Fe(II), V(V), Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II)에 대하여는 0.6M 염화나트륨과 0.1M 타르타르산나트륨의 혼합용액 (pH 2.00과 4.50)을 Mn(II)과 Cr(III)에 대하여는 3M 염화나트륨과 0.1M 타르타르산나트륨의 혼합용액 (pH 4.50과 5.00)을 용리액으로 사용하여 단계적으로 용리하였다. 많은 양(97% 정도)의 Fe(II)과 V(V), Cu(II), Ni(II), Mn(II), Cr(III)을 섞은 시료용액은 먼저 음이온교환수지관(Dowex 1×8, 15cm×3.14cm2)을 사용하여 4.0M 염산으로 용리하여 대부분의 철을 분리한다. 이때 V(V), Ni(II), Mn(II), Cr(II)은 같은 위치에서 용출되므로 함께 받고 다음에 Cu(II)는 소량의 철과 함께 용출된다. 이것을 다시 양이온수지관(Dowex 50w×12, 10cm×3.14cm2)을 사용하여 여러 가지 이온들을 분리할 수 있었으며 철강중에 들어있는 양이온 성분들도 같은 방법으로 분리할 수 있었다.

The quantitative separations of a mixture containing equal amounts of each cation such as Mn(Ⅱ), Cr(Ⅲ), V(Ⅴ), Cu(Ⅱ), Ni(Ⅱ), Co(Ⅱ), and Fe(Ⅲ) are carried out by the elution through 35cm×3.14cm2 column of cation exchange resin, Dowex 50w×12. The eluents are a mixture of 0.6 M sodium chloride and 0.1 M sodium tartrate (pH = 2.00 and 4.50) for Fe(Ⅲ), V(Ⅴ), Cu(Ⅱ), Ni(Ⅱ) and Co(Ⅱ), and a mixture of 3 M sodium chloride and 0.1 M sodium tartrate (pH = 4.50) or a mixture of 0.7 M sodium chloride and 0.5 M sodium oxalate (pH = 4.50 and 5.00) for Mn(Ⅱ) and Cr(Ⅲ). The subsidiary cations in a standard iron mixture such as V(Ⅴ), Cu(Ⅱ), Ni(Ⅱ), Mn(Ⅱ) and Cr(Ⅲ) are separated together from the large amount of Fe(Ⅲ) through 15cm×3.14cm2 column of the resin, Dowex 1×8, by elution with the eluent of 4.0 M hydrochloric acid. A small amount of Fe(Ⅲ), however, is eluted together with Cu(Ⅱ). V(Ⅴ), Ni(Ⅱ), Mn(Ⅱ) and Cr(Ⅲ) eluted together are separated quantitatively through 10cm×3.14cm2 column of the resin, Dowex 50w×12. Cu (Ⅱ) and a small amount of Fe(Ⅲ) are separated quantitatively through 10cm×3.14cm2 column of the resin, Dowex 50w×12, by the elution with a mixture of 0.6 M sodium chloride and 0.1 M sodium tartrate (pH = 2.00 and 4.50) as an eluent. By the conditions obtained in the separations of the standard iron mixture, Fe(Ⅲ) and all of the subsidiary cations in steel are quantitatively separated.

Page
346 - 352
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