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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 64, Number 3
JKCSEZ 64(3)
June 20, 2020 

Flip-Flop of Phospholipids in DMPC/POPC Mixed Vesicles
Min Ki Kim, Chul Kim*
Flip-flop, DMPC/POPC vesicle, Fluorescence
Flip-flop rate constants were measured by dithionite assay of NBD-PE fluorescence in DMPC/POPC vesicles made of various DMPC/POPC ratios. The activation energy, enthalpy, entropy, and free energy were determined based on the transition state theory. We found that the activation energy, enthalpy, and entropy increased as the amount of POPC increased, but the activation free energy was almost constant. These experimental results and other similar studies allow us to propose that the POPC molecules included in DMPC vesicles affect the flip-flop motion of NBD-PE in DMPC/POPC vesicles via increasing the packing order of the ground state of the bilayer of the vesicles. The increase in the packing order in the ground state seems to be a result of the effect of the overall molecular shape of POPC with a monounsaturated tail group, rather than the effect of the longer tail group.
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