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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 61, Number 3
JKCSEZ 61(3)
June 20, 2017 

Adsorption of Pb(II) Ions from Aqueous Solution Using Activated Carbon Prepared from Areca Catechu Shell: Kinetic, Isotherm and Thermodynamic Studies
A Muslim*, S Aprilia, T A Suha, Z Fitri
Activated carbon, Areca catechu shell, Isotherm, Kinetic, Thermodynamic
This study proposed adsorption of Pb(II) ions from aqueous solution using activated carbon prepared from areca catechu shell (ACS AC) using Timphan Method. The effects of independent variables on adsorption kinetic and isotherm have been investigated by conducting experiments in batch mode at neutral pH. The structural characterization of adsorbent was done by FT-IR and SEM analysis. The Pb(II) adsorption was correlated very well with the pseudo second-order kinetic (PSOKM) and Langmuir isotherm models (LIM). Increasing NaOH mass for activation and adsorption temperature increased weakly all the parameters of adsorption kinetic and isotherm. The Pb(II) ions adsorption capacity of the ACS AC at 27 and 45 oC was 50.51 and 55.25 mg/g, respectively. Thermodynamic parameters were determined, and the results confirmed the Pb(II) ions adsorption should be endothermic and spontaneous process, and both physical and chemical adsorption should be taken place.
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