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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 61, Number 2
JKCSEZ 61(2)
April 20, 2017 

Analysis Method of N-Nitrosamines in Human Urine by LC-MS/MS System

LC-MS/MS 시스템을 이용한 소변 중 N-니트로사민류 분석법 확립
Na Youn Park, Woong Jung, Younglim Kho*

박나연, 정 웅, 고영림*
N-니트로사민류, 소변, 고체상 추출, LC-(APCI)-MS/MS
N-니트로사민은 이차 아민과 아질산이 산성조건 하에서 니트로소화 반응을 통해 생성되는 니트로소 화합물이다. 약 300여 종이 존재하며, 그 중 90%가 동물실험을 통해 발암성이 있음이 확인되었다. 1987년 IARC에서 NDMA와 NDEA를 Group 2A로 지정하였고, NDPA, NDBA, NPYR, NPIP, NMOR을 Group 2B로 지정하였다. 본 연구에서는 N-니트로사민류의 생물학적 모니터 링을 위하여 소변 중 N-니트로사민류의 분석법을 확립하였다. 소변시료는 고체상추출(Solid phase extraction, SPE)을 통하여 전처리 한 후, LC-(APCI)-MS/MS를 이용하여 정량분석 하였다. 확립된 분석법의 정확도는 85.8~110.2% 이었고, 정밀도는 1.1~10.5%로 나 타났다. 검출한계는 0.0002 (NDBA) ~ 0.0793 (NDMA) ng/ml 이었고, 검량선 회귀식의 상관계수(r2)은 0.999 이상으로 우수한 직 선성을 보여주었다. 실제 소변 중 N-니트로사민류의 평균 농도는 NDMA 2.645 mg/g creatinine, NDEA 0.067 mg/g creatinine, NMEA 0.009 mg/g creatinine, NDBA 0.011 mg/g creatinine, NPIP 0.271 mg/g creatinine, NPYR 0.413 mg/g creatinine 이고, NDPA와 NMOR은 검출되지 않았다. 추후 N-니트로사민류의 인체 노출량 평가 및 위해평가를 위한 기기분석방법으로 활용될 수 있을 것으로 판단된다.

N-nitrosamines are the nitroso compounds which are produced by nitrosation reactions of the secondary amine and nitrite under acidic conditions. Approximately 300 species of N-nitrosamine have been tested for carcinogenicity in laboratory experiments, with 90% of them demonstrated carcinogenic effects different animal species, including higher primates. In 1978, IARC classified NDMA and NDEA as Group 2A, and NDPA, NDBA, NPIP, NPYR and NMOR as Group 2B. In this study, we established pretreatment and analytical method for N-nitrosamines (NDMA, NDEA, NMEA, NDPA, NDBA, NPIP, NPYR and NMOR) in human urine for biological monitoring of N-nitrosamines. The analytes were extracted using solid phase extraction (SPE), then quantitative analysis was performed by LC-(APCI)-MS/MS. The accuracies of the established method were between 85.8~108.7% and precisions were lower than 20%. The limit of detection (LOD) were between 0.0002 (NDBA) and 0.0793 (NDMA) ng/ml. The linearity obtained was satisfying for the 8 N-nitrosamines, with a coefficient of determination (r2) higher than 0.999. The mean concentrations of N-nitrosamines in the urine were 2.645 mg/g creatinine for NDMA, 0.067 mg/g creatinine for NDEA, 0.009 mg/g creatinine for NMEA, 0.011 mg/g creatinine for NDBA, 0.271 mg/g creatinine for NPIP and 0.413 mg/g creatinine for NPYR. NDPA and NMOR were not detected. It can be used as a instrumental methodology for evaluation and risk assessment of human exposure to N-nitrosamines for the further research.

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